Cation–Cation Complexes of Pentavalent Uranyl: From Disproportionation Intermediates to Stable Clusters

Authors

  • Victor Mougel,

    1. CEA, INAC, SCIB, Laboratoire de Reconnaissance Ionique et Chimie de Coordination, CEA-Grenoble, 38054 GRENOBLE, Cedex 09 (France), Fax: (+33) 438 785 090
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dr. Pawel Horeglad,

    1. CEA, INAC, SCIB, Laboratoire de Reconnaissance Ionique et Chimie de Coordination, CEA-Grenoble, 38054 GRENOBLE, Cedex 09 (France), Fax: (+33) 438 785 090
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dr. Grégory Nocton,

    1. CEA, INAC, SCIB, Laboratoire de Reconnaissance Ionique et Chimie de Coordination, CEA-Grenoble, 38054 GRENOBLE, Cedex 09 (France), Fax: (+33) 438 785 090
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dr. Jacques Pécaut,

    1. CEA, INAC, SCIB, Laboratoire de Reconnaissance Ionique et Chimie de Coordination, CEA-Grenoble, 38054 GRENOBLE, Cedex 09 (France), Fax: (+33) 438 785 090
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Dr. Marinella Mazzanti

    Corresponding author
    1. CEA, INAC, SCIB, Laboratoire de Reconnaissance Ionique et Chimie de Coordination, CEA-Grenoble, 38054 GRENOBLE, Cedex 09 (France), Fax: (+33) 438 785 090
    • CEA, INAC, SCIB, Laboratoire de Reconnaissance Ionique et Chimie de Coordination, CEA-Grenoble, 38054 GRENOBLE, Cedex 09 (France), Fax: (+33) 438 785 090
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Three new cation–cation complexes of pentavalent uranyl, stable with respect to the disproportionation reaction, have been prepared from the reaction of the precursor [(UO2py5)(KI2py2)]n (1) with the Schiff base ligands salen2−, acacen2−, and salophen2− (H2salen=N,N′-ethylene-bis(salicylideneimine), H2acacen=N,N′-ethylenebis(acetylacetoneimine), H2salophen=N,N′-phenylene-bis(salicylideneimine)). The preparation of stable complexes requires a careful choice of counter ions and reaction conditions. Notably the reaction of 1 with salophen2− in pyridine leads to immediate disproportionation, but in the presence of [18]crown-6 ([18]C-6) a stable complex forms. The solid-state structure of the four tetranuclear complexes, {[UO2(acacen)]48-]2[K([18]C-6)(py)]2} (3) and {[UO2(acacen)]48-]}2 [K([222])(py)] (4), {[UO2(salophen)]48-K]25-KI]2[(K([18]C-6)]}2 [K([18]C-6)(thf)2]2 I (5), and {[UO2(salen)4][μ8-Rb]2[Rb([18]C-6)]2} (9) ([222]=[222]cryptand, py=pyridine), presenting a T-shaped cation–cation interaction has been determined by X-ray crystallographic studies. NMR spectroscopic and UV/Vis studies show that the tetranuclear structure is maintained in pyridine solution for the salen and acacen complexes. Stable mononuclear complexes of pentavalent uranyl are also obtained by reduction of the hexavalent uranyl Schiff base complexes with cobaltocene in pyridine in the absence of coordinating cations. The reactivity of the complex [UVO2(salen)(py)][Cp*2Co] with different alkali ions demonstrates the crucial effect of coordinating cations on the stability of cation–cation complexes. The nature of the cation plays a key role in the preparation of stable cation–cation complexes. Stable tetranuclear complexes form in the presence of K+ and Rb+, whereas Li+ leads to disproportionation. A new uranyl–oxo cluster was isolated from this reaction. The reaction of [UVO2(salen)(py)][Cp*2Co] (Cp*=pentamethylcyclopentadienyl) with its UVI analogue yields the oxo-functionalized dimer [UO2(salen)(py)]2[Cp*2Co] (8). The reaction of the {[UO2(salen)4][μ8-K]2[K([18]C-6)]2} tetramer with protons leads to disproportionation to UIV and UVI species and H2O confirming the crucial role of the proton in the UV disproportionation.

Ancillary