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Synthesis, Characterization, and Photoinduced Energy and Electron Transfer in a Supramolecular Tetrakis (Ruthenium(II) Phthalocyanine) Perylenediimide Pentad

Authors

  • Angel J. Jiménez,

    1. Departamento de Química Orgánica (C-I), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco 28049 Madrid (Spain), Fax: (+34) 91-397-3966
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  • Dr. Bruno Grimm,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy & Interdisciplinary Center for Molecular Materials (ICMM), University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Egerlandstraße 3, 91058 Erlangen, (Germany), Fax: (+49) 9131-852-8307
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  • Victoria L. Gunderson,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy Research (ANSER) Center, Northwestern University, Evanston IL, 60208-3113 (USA), Fax: (+1) 847-467-1425
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  • Michael T. Vagnini,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy Research (ANSER) Center, Northwestern University, Evanston IL, 60208-3113 (USA), Fax: (+1) 847-467-1425
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  • Sandra Krick Calderon,

    1. Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy & Interdisciplinary Center for Molecular Materials (ICMM), University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Egerlandstraße 3, 91058 Erlangen, (Germany), Fax: (+49) 9131-852-8307
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  • Dr. M. Salomé Rodríguez-Morgade,

    1. Departamento de Química Orgánica (C-I), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco 28049 Madrid (Spain), Fax: (+34) 91-397-3966
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  • Prof. Dr. Michael R. Wasielewski,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemistry and Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy Research (ANSER) Center, Northwestern University, Evanston IL, 60208-3113 (USA), Fax: (+1) 847-467-1425
    • Department of Chemistry and Argonne-Northwestern Solar Energy Research (ANSER) Center, Northwestern University, Evanston IL, 60208-3113 (USA), Fax: (+1) 847-467-1425
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  • Prof. Dr. Dirk M. Guldi,

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy & Interdisciplinary Center for Molecular Materials (ICMM), University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Egerlandstraße 3, 91058 Erlangen, (Germany), Fax: (+49) 9131-852-8307
    • Department of Chemistry and Pharmacy & Interdisciplinary Center for Molecular Materials (ICMM), University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Egerlandstraße 3, 91058 Erlangen, (Germany), Fax: (+49) 9131-852-8307
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  • Prof. Dr. Tomás Torres

    Corresponding author
    1. Departamento de Química Orgánica (C-I), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco 28049 Madrid (Spain), Fax: (+34) 91-397-3966
    2. IMDEA-Nanociencia. Facultad de Ciencias, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid (Spain)
    • Departamento de Química Orgánica (C-I), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco 28049 Madrid (Spain), Fax: (+34) 91-397-3966
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Abstract

Metal coordination was probed as a versatile approach for designing a novel electron donor/acceptor hybrid [PDIpy4{Ru(CO)Pc}4] (1), in which four pyridines placed at the bay region of a perylenediimides (PDIpy4) coordinate with four ruthenium phthalocyanine units [Ru(CO)Pc]. This structural motif was expected to promote strong electronic coupling between the electron donors and the electron acceptor, a hypothesis that was confirmed in a full-fledged physicochemical investigation focusing on the ground and excited state reactivities. As far as the ground state is concerned, absorption and electrochemical assays indeed reveal a notable redistribution of electron density, that is, from the electron-donating [Ru(CO)Pc] to the electron-accepting PDIpy4. The most important thing to note in this context is that both the [Ru(CO)Pc] oxidation and the PDIpy4 reduction are rendered more difficult in 1 than in the individual building blocks. Likewise, in the excited state, strong electronic communication is the inception for a rapid charge-transfer process in photoexcited 1. Regardless of exciting [Ru(CO)Pc] or PDIpy4, spectral characteristics of the [RuPc] radical cation (broad absorptive features from 425 to 600 nm with a maximum at 575 nm, as well as a band centered at 725 nm) and of the PDI radical anion (780 nm maximum) emerge. The correspondingly formed radical ion pair state lasts for up to several hundred picoseconds in toluene, for example. On the other hand, employing more polar solvents, such as dichloromethane, destabilizes the radical ion pair state.

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