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Organogel–Hydrogel Transformation by Simple Removal or Inclusion of N-Boc-Protection

Authors

  • Tanmoy Kar,

    1. Department of Biological Chemistry, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata, 700032 (India), Fax: (+91) 33-24732805
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  • Subhra Kanti Mandal,

    1. Department of Biological Chemistry, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata, 700032 (India), Fax: (+91) 33-24732805
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  • Dr. Prasanta Kumar Das

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Biological Chemistry, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata, 700032 (India), Fax: (+91) 33-24732805
    • Department of Biological Chemistry, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Kolkata, 700032 (India), Fax: (+91) 33-24732805
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  • Boc=tert-butyloxycarbonyl.

Abstract

Development of organo- and hydrogelators is on the rise because of their extensive applications, from advanced materials to biomedicine. However, designing both types of gelator from a common structural scaffold is challenging, and becomes more significant if transformation between them can be achieved by a simple method. The present work reports the design and synthesis of both organo- and hydrogelators from amino acid/peptide-based amphiphilic precursors with a naphthyl group at the N terminus and a primary amine-containing hydrophilic ethyleneoxy unit at the C terminus. In alkaline medium, tert-butyloxycarbonyl (Boc) protection at the primary amine of the amphiphiles resulted in efficient organogelators (minimum-gelation concentration (MGC)=0.075–1.5 % w/v). Interestingly, removal of the Boc protection from the ethyleneoxy unit, under acidic conditions, yielded amphiphiles capable of gelating water (MGC=0.9–3.0 % w/v). Simple protection and deprotection chemistry was used to achieve transformation between the organogel and hydrogel by alteration of the pH. Combinations of different aliphatic and aromatic amino acids were investigated to discover their cumulative effect on the gelation properties. Field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were employed to investigate the supramolecular morphology of the thermoreversible gels. Spectroscopic investigations (FTIR, photoluminescence, XRD) revealed that noncovalent interactions, such as hydrogen bonding, π–π stacking, and van der Waals interactions play a decisive role in self-assembled gelation.

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