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Preparation and Characterization of Composites that Contain Small Carbon Nano-Onions and Conducting Polyaniline

Authors

  • Dr. Marta E. Plonska-Brzezinska,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Chemistry, University of Bialystok, Hurtowa 1, 15-399 Bialystok (Poland), Fax: (+48) 85-7470113
    • Institute of Chemistry, University of Bialystok, Hurtowa 1, 15-399 Bialystok (Poland), Fax: (+48) 85-7470113
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  • Julita Mazurczyk,

    1. Institute of Chemistry, University of Bialystok, Hurtowa 1, 15-399 Bialystok (Poland), Fax: (+48) 85-7470113
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  • Dr. Barbara Palys,

    1. Faculty of Chemistry, University of Warsaw, Pasteura 1, 02-093 Warsaw (Poland)
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  • Joanna Breczko,

    1. Institute of Chemistry, University of Bialystok, Hurtowa 1, 15-399 Bialystok (Poland), Fax: (+48) 85-7470113
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  • Dr. Andrzej Lapinski,

    1. Institute of Molecular Physics Polish Academy of Science, Mariana Smoluchowskiego 17, 60–179 Poznan (Poland)
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  • Dr. Alina T. Dubis,

    1. Institute of Chemistry, University of Bialystok, Hurtowa 1, 15-399 Bialystok (Poland), Fax: (+48) 85-7470113
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  • Prof. Luis Echegoyen

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at El Paso, 500 W. University Ave., El Paso, TX 79968 (USA), Fax: (+1) 915-7478807
    • Department of Chemistry, University of Texas at El Paso, 500 W. University Ave., El Paso, TX 79968 (USA), Fax: (+1) 915-7478807
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Abstract

Small multilayer fullerenes, also known as carbon nano-onions (CNOs; 5–6 nm in diameter, 6–8 shells), show higher reactivity than other larger carbon nanostructures. Here we report the first example of an in situ polymerization of aniline on phenyleneamine-terminated CNO surfaces. The green, protonated, conducting emeraldine polyaniline (PANI) was directly synthesized on the surface of the CNO. The functionalized and soluble CNO/PANI composites were characterized by TEM, SEM, DSC, Raman, and infrared spectroscopy. The electrochemical properties of the conducting CNO/PANI films were also investigated. In comparison with pristine CNOs, functionalized carbon nanostructures show dramatically improved solubility in protic solvents, thus enabling their easy processing for coatings, nanocomposites, and biomedical applications.

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