Smectic-Layer Alignments of Surface-Modified Gold Nanoparticles in the Nanocomposite Induced by a Hydrogen-Bonded Bent-Core Liquid Crystalline Host under Electric Fields



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Packing tips: The layer spacing of 5.5 nm (see TEM image) of the nanocomposite VPy-SiA/AuNPs-S (5 wt %) under DC/AC electric fields perfectly matches the d spacing of 5.5 nm obtained by in situ XRD measurements under a DC electric field. TEM images revealed that the well-organized packing of layers of surface-modified gold NPs could be induced in the nanocomposite under electric fields.