Sandwich Double-Decker Lanthanide(III) “Intracavity” Complexes Based on Clamshell-Type Phthalocyanine Ligands: Synthesis, Spectral, Electrochemical, and Spectroelectrochemical Investigations

Authors

  • Dr. Victor E. Pushkarev ,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Physiologically Active Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142432 Chernogolovka, Moscow Region (Russian Federation), Fax: (+7) 496-524-9508
    2. Department of Chemistry, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)
    • Institute of Physiologically Active Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142432 Chernogolovka, Moscow Region (Russian Federation), Fax: (+7) 496-524-9508
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  • Dr. Alexander Yu. Tolbin,

    1. Institute of Physiologically Active Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142432 Chernogolovka, Moscow Region (Russian Federation), Fax: (+7) 496-524-9508
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  • Fedor E. Zhurkin,

    1. Department of Chemistry, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)
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  • Dr. Nataliya E. Borisova,

    1. Department of Chemistry, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)
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  • Dr. Stanislav A. Trashin,

    1. Institute of Physiologically Active Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142432 Chernogolovka, Moscow Region (Russian Federation), Fax: (+7) 496-524-9508
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  • Prof. Larisa G. Tomilova ,

    Corresponding author
    1. Institute of Physiologically Active Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142432 Chernogolovka, Moscow Region (Russian Federation), Fax: (+7) 496-524-9508
    2. Department of Chemistry, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)
    • Institute of Physiologically Active Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142432 Chernogolovka, Moscow Region (Russian Federation), Fax: (+7) 496-524-9508
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  • Prof. Nikolay S. Zefirov 

    1. Institute of Physiologically Active Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, 142432 Chernogolovka, Moscow Region (Russian Federation), Fax: (+7) 496-524-9508
    2. Department of Chemistry, M. V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow (Russian Federation)
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Abstract

Phthalocyanine compounds of novel type based on a bridged bis-ligand, denoted “intracavity” complexes, have been prepared. Complexation of clamshell ligand 1,1′-[benzene-1,2-diylbis(methanediyloxy)]bis[9(10),16(17),23(24)-tri-tert-butylphthalocyanine] (clam,tBuPc2H4, 1) with lanthanide(III) salts [Ln(acac)3]n H2O (Ln=Eu, Dy, Lu; acetylacetonate) led to formation of double-deckers clam,tBuPc2Ln (2 ac). Formation of high molecular weight oligophthalocyanine complexes was demonstrated as well. The presence of an intramolecular covalent bridge affecting the relative arrangement of macrocycles was shown to result in specific physicochemical properties. A combination of UV/Vis/NIR and NMR spectroscopy, MALDI-TOF mass-spectrometry, cyclic voltammetry, and spectroelectrochemistry provided unambiguous characterization of the freshly prepared bis-phthalocyanines, and also revealed intrinsic peculiarities in the structure–property relationship, which were supported by theoretical calculations. Unexpected NMR activity of the paramagnetic dysprosium complex 2 b in the neutral π-radical form was observed and examined as well.

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