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Keywords:

  • amphiphiles;
  • desulfurization;
  • emulsion catalysts;
  • hybrid materials;
  • polyoxometalates
Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

So emulsional: Two hexavanadate–organic hybrids were synthesized and their amphiphilic properties were confirmed by forming emulsions in mixtures of water and nonpolar organic solvents, and were utilized as “emulsion catalysts” in deep desulfurization reactions (see figure). Their catalytic activities show a pH-dependent behavior, which can be explained by the size-change of emulsions and the appearance of reverse emulsions.