Host–guest interactions of a molecular tweezer complex 1 with various planar organic molecules including polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were investigated by 1D and 2D 1H NMR spectroscopy, UV/Vis absorption and emission titration studies. 2D and DOSY NMR spectroscopies support the sandwiched binding mode based on 1:1 host–guest interactions. The binding constants (KS) of complex 1 for various PAHs were determined by NMR titration studies and the values were found to span up to an order of 104 M−1 for coronene to no observable interaction for benzene, indicating that the π-surface area is important for such host–guest interactions. The substituent effect on the host–guest interaction based on the guest series of 9-substituted anthracenes was also studied. In general, a stronger interaction was observed for the anthracene guest with electron-donating groups, although steric and π-conjugation factors cannot be completely excluded. The photophysical responses of complex 1 upon addition of various PAHs were measured by UV/Vis and emission titration studies. The UV/Vis absorption spectra were found to show a drop in absorbance of the metal-to-ligand charge-transfer (MLCT) and ligand-to-ligand charge-transfer (LLCT) admixture band upon addition of various guest molecules to 1, whereas the emission behavior was found to change differently depending on the guest molecules, showing emission enhancement and/or quenching. It was found that emission quenching occurred either via energy transfer or electron transfer pathway or both, while emission enhancement was caused by the increase in rigidity of complex 1 as a result of host–guest interaction.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.