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The Role of Pd2+/Pd0 in Hydrogenation by [Pd(2-pymo)2]n: An X-ray Absorption and IR Spectroscopic Study

Authors

  • Sabine Schuster,

    1. Insitut für Technische Chemie, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 55, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)
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  • Prof. Dr. Elias Klemm,

    Corresponding author
    1. Insitut für Technische Chemie, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 55, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)
    • Insitut für Technische Chemie, Universität Stuttgart, Pfaffenwaldring 55, 70569 Stuttgart (Germany)
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  • Prof. Dr. Matthias Bauer

    Corresponding author
    1. Carl-Zeiss-Juniorprofessur, “Instrumentelle Analytik katalytisch aktiver Materialien”, Technische Universität Kaiserslautern, Erwin-Schrödinger Strasse 54, 67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany)
    • Carl-Zeiss-Juniorprofessur, “Instrumentelle Analytik katalytisch aktiver Materialien”, Technische Universität Kaiserslautern, Erwin-Schrödinger Strasse 54, 67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany)
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  • 2-pymo=2-pyrimidinolate.

Abstract

The metal–organic framework (MOF) [Pd(2-pymo)2]n (2-pymo=2-pyrimidinolate) was used as catalyst in the hydrogenation of 1-octene. During catalytic hydrogenation, the changes at the metal nodes and linkers of the MOF were investigated by in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and IR spectroscopy. With the help of extended X-ray absorption fine structure and X-ray absorption near edge structure data, Quick-XAS, and IR spectroscopy, detailed insights into the catalytic relevance of Pd2+/Pd0 in the hydrogenation of 1-octene could be achieved. Shortly after exposure of the catalyst to H2 and simultaneously with the hydrogenation of 1-octene, the aromatic rings of the linker molecules are hydrogenated rapidly. Up to this point, the MOF structure remained intact. After completion of linker hydrogenation, the linkers were also protonated. When half of the linker molecules were protonated, the onset of reduction of the Pd2+ centers to Pd0 was observed and the hydrogenation activity decreased, followed by fast reduction of the palladium centers and collapse of the MOF structure. Major fractions of Pd0 are only observed when the hydrogenation of 1-octene is almost finished. Consequently, the Pd2+ nodes of the MOF [Pd(2-pymo)2]n are identified as active centers in the hydrogenation of 1-octene.

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