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Keywords:

  • bistriazoles;
  • click chemistry;
  • copper;
  • oxidative coupling;
  • polysiloxanes

Abstract

An interesting example of a divergent catalysis with a copper(I) and amine-functional macromolecular polysiloxanes system was successfully presented in click chemistry. In this manuscript, we demonstrate the remarkable ability of the secondary amine-functional polysiloxane to induce oxidative coupling in the copper-mediated Huisgen reactions of azides and alkynes, thereby achieving good yields and selectivities. The click reactions mediated by a polysiloxane-supported secondary amine allow the preparation of novel heterocyclic compounds, that is, bistriazoles. Comparably, it is also surprising that the use of a diamine-functional polysiloxane as ligand led to a classic Huisgen [3+2] cycloaddition in excellent yields. From the results of the present amine-functional polysiloxanes-controlled Huisgen reaction or oxidative Huisgen coupling reaction to divergent products and the proposed mechanism, we suggested that the mononuclear bistriazole–copper complex stabilized and dispersed by the secondary amine-functional polysiloxane was beneficial to prevalent the way to oxidative coupling.