Synthesis, Structure, and Reactivity of a Dimeric Zinc(I) Compound Stabilized by a Sterically Demanding Diiminophosphinate Ligand


  • Dr. Andreas Stasch

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Chemistry, Monash University, PO Box 23, Melbourne, VIC, 3800 (Australia), Fax: (+61) 399054597
    • School of Chemistry, Monash University, PO Box 23, Melbourne, VIC, 3800 (Australia), Fax: (+61) 399054597
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The new sterically demanding aminoiminophosphorane Ph2P([DOUBLE BOND]NDip)(NHDip) (Dip=C6H3-2,6-iPr2; LH, 1) has been prepared as a precursor to the potassium complex [LK] (2) and a series of heteroleptic zinc(II) complexes, namely [(LZnBr)2] (3), [LZnMe] (4), [LZnEt] (5), and [(LZnI)2] (6). The products have been obtained either through a salt metathesis route by using complex 2 and ZnBr2 to give compound 3, through a direct reaction of ligand precursor 1 and ZnR2 (R=Me or Et) yielding complexes 4 or 5, respectively, or through iodination of complexes 4 or 5 by using I2 to afford compound 6. Reduction of the heteroleptic zinc(II) halide complexes 3 or 6 by using a dimeric magnesium(I) compound as a selective, stoichiometric, and soluble reducing agent afforded the new zinc(I) dimer [(LZn)2] (7) in good yield. Compounds 17 were crystallographically and spectroscopically characterized and the coordination behavior of the diiminophosphinate ligand has been investigated and compared with related CN-based ligands. An initial reactivity study has been carried out on [(LZn)2] (7) by using small-scale reactions and the oxidative addition of small alkyl halides across the Zn[BOND]Zn bond has been found to generate equimolar amounts of the alkyl complexes 4 or 5 and the halide complexes 3 or 6, respectively.