In Situ Gel-to-Crystal Transition and Synthesis of Metal Nanoparticles Obtained by Fluorination of a Cyclic β-Aminoalcohol Gelator

Authors

  • Yang Xu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 5625 Renmin Street, Changchun 130022 (China), Fax: (+86) 431-85262926
    2. Department of Polymer Materials, Changchun University of Technology, 2055 Yan'an Street, Changchun 130022 (China)
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  • Dr. Chuanqing Kang,

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 5625 Renmin Street, Changchun 130022 (China), Fax: (+86) 431-85262926
    • State Key Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 5625 Renmin Street, Changchun 130022 (China), Fax: (+86) 431-85262926
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  • Yu Chen,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 5625 Renmin Street, Changchun 130022 (China), Fax: (+86) 431-85262926
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  • Dr. Zheng Bian,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 5625 Renmin Street, Changchun 130022 (China), Fax: (+86) 431-85262926
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  • Prof. Dr. Xuepeng Qiu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 5625 Renmin Street, Changchun 130022 (China), Fax: (+86) 431-85262926
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  • Prof. Dr. Lianxun Gao,

    Corresponding author
    1. State Key Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 5625 Renmin Street, Changchun 130022 (China), Fax: (+86) 431-85262926
    • State Key Laboratory of Polymer Physics and Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 5625 Renmin Street, Changchun 130022 (China), Fax: (+86) 431-85262926
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  • Dr. Qingxin Meng

    1. Department of Polymer Materials, Changchun University of Technology, 2055 Yan'an Street, Changchun 130022 (China)
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Abstract

A new fluorinated version of a cyclic β-aminoalcohol gelator derived from 1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline is presented. The gelator is able to gel various nonprotic solvents through OH⋅⋅⋅N hydrogen bonds and additional CH⋅⋅⋅F interactions due to the introduction of fluorine. A bimolecular lamellar structure is formed in the gel phase, which partly preserves the pattern of molecular organization in the single crystal. The racemate of the chiral gelator shows lower gelation ability than its enantiomer because of a higher tendency to form microcrystals, as shown by X-ray diffraction analysis. The influence of fluorination on the self-assembly of the gelator and the properties of the gel was investigated in comparison to the original fluorine-free gel system. The introduction of fluorine brings two new features. The first is good recognition of o-xylene by the gelator, which induces an in situ transition from gels of o-xylene and of an o-xylene/toluene mixture to identical single crystals with unique tubular architecture. The second is the enhanced stability of the toluene gel towards ions, including quaternary ammonium salts, which enables the preparation of a stable toluene gel in the presence of chloroaurate or chloroplatinate. The gel system can be used as a template for the synthesis of spherical gold nanoparticles with a diameter of 5 to 9 nm and wormlike platinum nanostructures with a diameter of 2 to 3 nm and a length of 5 to 12 nm. This is the first example of a synthesis of platinum nanoparticles in an organogel medium. Therefore, the appropriate introduction of a fluorine atom and corresponding nonbonding interactions into a known gelator to tune the properties and functions of a gel is a simple and effective tactic for design of a gel system with specific targets.

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