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A New Series of C-6 Unsubstituted Tetrahydropyrimidines: Convenient One-Pot Chemoselective Synthesis, Aggregation-Induced and Size-Independent Emission Characteristics

Authors

  • Dr. Qiuhua Zhu,

    1. School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, 1838 Guangzhou Avenue North;, Guangzhou 510515 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 20-61648655
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  • Lan Huang,

    1. School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, 1838 Guangzhou Avenue North;, Guangzhou 510515 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 20-61648655
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  • Dr. Zhipeng Chen,

    1. School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, 1838 Guangzhou Avenue North;, Guangzhou 510515 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 20-61648655
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  • Sichao Zheng,

    1. School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, 1838 Guangzhou Avenue North;, Guangzhou 510515 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 20-61648655
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  • Longyun Lv,

    1. School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, 1838 Guangzhou Avenue North;, Guangzhou 510515 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 20-61648655
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  • Dr. Zhibo Zhu,

    1. School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, 1838 Guangzhou Avenue North;, Guangzhou 510515 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 20-61648655
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  • Prof. Derong Cao,

    1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, South China University of Technology, 381 Wushan Road, Guangzhou 510640 (P. R. China)
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  • Prof. Huanfeng Jiang,

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, South China University of Technology, 381 Wushan Road, Guangzhou 510640 (P. R. China)
    • School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Luminescent Materials and Devices, South China University of Technology, 381 Wushan Road, Guangzhou 510640 (P. R. China)
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  • Prof. Shuwen Liu

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, 1838 Guangzhou Avenue North;, Guangzhou 510515 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 20-61648655
    • School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, 1838 Guangzhou Avenue North;, Guangzhou 510515 (P. R. China), Fax: (+86) 20-61648655
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Abstract

A new series of C-6 unsubstituted tetrahydropyrimidines 6 have been directly synthesized via a convenient urea-catalyzed chemoselective five-component reaction (5CR) under mild conditions. Compounds 6 show typical aggregation-induced emission enhancement (AIEE) characteristics because they are practically no emissive in solution but emit blue or green fluorescence in aggregates with fluorescence yield up to 93 %. One of the 5CR products, 6 aa, exhibits blue- and green-fluorescence aggregates (bf- and gf-aggregates). The bf- and gf-aggregates are prepared under different conditions and proved to result from different J-aggregations by single-crystal X-ray analysis. In addition, the bf- and gf-aggregates of 6 aa show unusual size-independent emission (SIE) characteristics because their maximum emission wavelengths in different sizes (suspension particles, film, powder and crystals) are the same, 434 and 484 nm, respectively. Based on the obtained experimental results, the 5CR mechanism, the origins of AIEE and SIE characteristics are discussed.

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