Adding organolithiums, Grignard reagents, or zincates to sulfinylnitriles triggers a facile sulfinyl–metal exchange to afford N- or C-metalated nitriles. Sulfinyl–magnesium exchange–alkylations efficiently install quaternary and tertiary centers, even in the case of tertiary sulfinylnitriles that contain a highly acidic methine proton. α-Sulfinylalkenenitriles afford moderately nucleophilic magnesiated nitriles, and the reactivity can be dramatically increased by conversion to the corresponding magnesiates. The sulfinyl-metal exchange is extremely fast, proceeds efficiently with quaternary, tertiary, and vinylic α-sulfinylnitriles, and exhibits an exceptional functional group tolerance in nitrile alkylations.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.