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Chemical Adaptability: The Integration of Different Kinds of Matter into Giant Molecular Metal Oxides

Authors

  • Prof. Dr. Achim Müller,

    Corresponding author
    1. Fakultät für Chemie, Universität Bielefeld, Postfach 100131, 33501 Bielefeld (Germany), Fax: (+49) 521-106-6003
    • Achim Müller, Fakultät für Chemie, Universität Bielefeld, Postfach 100131, 33501 Bielefeld (Germany), Fax: (+49) 521-106-6003===

      Erhard T. K. Haupt, Universität Hamburg, Fachbereich Chemie, Institut für Anorganische und Angewandte Chemie, Martin-Luther-King-Platz 6, 20146 Hamburg (Germany), Fax: (+49) 40-42838-2893===

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  • Dr. Alice Merca,

    1. Fakultät für Chemie, Universität Bielefeld, Postfach 100131, 33501 Bielefeld (Germany), Fax: (+49) 521-106-6003
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  • Dr. Ahmed Jasim M. Al-Karawi,

    1. Fakultät für Chemie, Universität Bielefeld, Postfach 100131, 33501 Bielefeld (Germany), Fax: (+49) 521-106-6003
    2. Permanent address: Al-Mustansiriya University, College of Science, Department of Chemistry, P O Box 46010, Baghdad (Iraq)
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  • Somenath Garai,

    1. Fakultät für Chemie, Universität Bielefeld, Postfach 100131, 33501 Bielefeld (Germany), Fax: (+49) 521-106-6003
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  • Dr. Hartmut Bögge,

    1. Fakultät für Chemie, Universität Bielefeld, Postfach 100131, 33501 Bielefeld (Germany), Fax: (+49) 521-106-6003
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  • Dr. Guangfeng Hou,

    1. Fakultät für Chemie, Universität Bielefeld, Postfach 100131, 33501 Bielefeld (Germany), Fax: (+49) 521-106-6003
    2. State Key Laboratory of Supramolecular Structure and Materials, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, 130012 Changchun (P. R. China)
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  • Prof. Dr. Lixin Wu,

    1. State Key Laboratory of Supramolecular Structure and Materials, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, 130012 Changchun (P. R. China)
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  • Dr. Erhard T. K. Haupt,

    Corresponding author
    1. Universität Hamburg, Fachbereich Chemie, Institut für Anorganische und Angewandte Chemie, Martin-Luther-King-Platz 6, 20146 Hamburg (Germany), Fax: (+49) 40-42838-2893
    • Achim Müller, Fakultät für Chemie, Universität Bielefeld, Postfach 100131, 33501 Bielefeld (Germany), Fax: (+49) 521-106-6003===

      Erhard T. K. Haupt, Universität Hamburg, Fachbereich Chemie, Institut für Anorganische und Angewandte Chemie, Martin-Luther-King-Platz 6, 20146 Hamburg (Germany), Fax: (+49) 40-42838-2893===

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  • Prof. Dr. Dieter Rehder,

    1. Universität Hamburg, Fachbereich Chemie, Institut für Anorganische und Angewandte Chemie, Martin-Luther-King-Platz 6, 20146 Hamburg (Germany), Fax: (+49) 40-42838-2893
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  • Fadi Haso,

    1. Department of Chemistry, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA (USA)
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  • Prof. Dr. Tianbo Liu

    1. Department of Chemistry, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, PA (USA)
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Abstract

Unique properties of the two giant wheel-shaped molybdenum-oxides of the type {Mo154}≡[{Mo2}{Mo8}{Mo1}]14 (1) and {Mo176}≡[{Mo2}{Mo8}{Mo1}]16 (2) that have the same building blocks either 14 or 16 times, respectively, are considered and show a “chemical adaptability” as a new phenomenon regarding the integration of a large number of appropriate cations and anions, for example, in form of the large “salt-like” {M(SO4)}16 rings (M=K+, NH4+), while the two resulting {Mo146 (K(SO4))16} (3) and {Mo146 (NH4(SO4))16} (4) type hybrid compounds have the same shape as the parent ring structures. The chemical adaptability, which also allows the integration of anions and cations even at the same positions in the {Mo4O6}-type units of 1 and 2, is caused by easy changes in constitution by reorganisation and simultaneous release of (some) building blocks (one example: two opposite orientations of the same functional groups, that is, of H2O{Mo[DOUBLE BOND]O} (I) and O[DOUBLE BOND]{Mo(H2O)} (II) are possible). Whereas Cu2+ in [(H4CuII5)MoV28MoVI114O432(H2O)58]26− (5 a) is simply coordinated to two parent O2− ions of {Mo4O6} and to two fragments of type II, the SO42− integration in 3 and 4 occurs through the substitution of two oxo ligands of {Mo4O6} as well as two H2O ligands of fragment I. Complexes 3 and now 4 were characterised by different physical methods, for example, solutions of 4 in DMSO with sophisticated NMR spectroscopy (EXSY, DOSY and HSQC). The NH4+ ions integrated in the cluster anion of 4 “communicate” with those in solution in the sense that the related H+ ion exchange is in equilibrium. The important message: the reported “chemical adaptability” has its formal counterpart in solutions of “molybdates”, which can form unique dynamic libraries containing constituents/building blocks that may form and break reversibly and can lead to the isolation of a variety of giant clusters with unusual properties.

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