Glycopeptides of tumor-associated mucin MUC1 are promising target structures for the development of antitumor vaccines. Because these endogenous structures were weakly immunogenic, they were coupled to immune-response-stimulating T-cell epitopes and the Pam3Cys lipopeptide to induce strong immune responses in mice. A new thioether-ligation method for the synthesis of two- and three-component vaccines that contain MUC1 glycopeptides as the B-cell epitopes, a T-cell epitope peptide, and the Pam3CSK4 lipopeptide is described. The resulting fully synthetic vaccines were used for the vaccination of mice, either in a liposome with Freund′s adjuvant or in aqueous PBS buffer. The three-component vaccines that contained the Tetanus Toxoid P2 T-cell epitope peptide induced strong immune responses, even when administered just in PBS. By activation of the complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) complex, the antisera induced the killing of tumor cells.
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