We report here on the facile synthetic access of a new family of bis-, tetra-, hexa-, and heptafullerenes (prototypes I–IV), which can be easily converted into very water soluble polyelectrolytes with up to 60 charges located on their periphery. Their very regioselective formation is based on the use of C2v-symmetrical pentakisadducts 3 and hexakisadducts 2 as key intermediates. All fullerene moieties incorporated in these macromolecular structures involve a complete or partial octahedral addition pattern. Tripod-shaped tetrafullerenes 9 a,b (type II), which can accumulate up to thirty positive or negative charges, are very soluble in acidic or basic water, respectively. Hexafullerenes 13 a,b (type III) were synthesized via isoxazolinofullerenes 10 followed by photolytic cleavage of the isoxazoline group. The giant heptafullerene 1 b (type IV) representing the anionic counterpart of the previously synthesized polyelectrolyte 1 a can store up to 60 negative charges on its periphery within a defined three-dimensional structure. We also discovered a new cyclopropanation reaction of C60 involving dibromomalonates and 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU). This reaction allows even for the highly regioselective formation of hexakisadducts with an octahedral addition pattern without requiring activation with reversibly binding addends such as 9,10-dimethylanthracene (DMA).
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