An efficient method for sterically demanding Suzuki–Miyaura coupling reactions has been developed with two catalysts, Pd/BI-DIME (see scheme) and Pd/phenanthrene-based ligand. The Pd/BI-DIME catalyst facilitates the syntheses of extremely hindered biaryls bearing ortho-isopropyl substituents. The other catalyst is efficient for the synthesis of functionalized tetra-ortho-substituted biaryls at low catalyst loadings.
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