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Total Synthesis of the Hypermodified RNA Bases Wybutosine and Hydroxywybutosine and Their Quantification Together with Other Modified RNA Bases in Plant Materials

Authors

  • Dr. Antje Hienzsch,

    1. Center for Integrated Protein Science (CIPS) at the Department of Chemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Butenandtstrasse 5–13, 81377 München (Germany), Fax: (+49) 2180-77756
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  • Christian Deiml,

    1. Center for Integrated Protein Science (CIPS) at the Department of Chemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Butenandtstrasse 5–13, 81377 München (Germany), Fax: (+49) 2180-77756
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  • Veronika Reiter,

    1. Center for Integrated Protein Science (CIPS) at the Department of Chemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Butenandtstrasse 5–13, 81377 München (Germany), Fax: (+49) 2180-77756
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  • Prof. Dr. Thomas Carell

    Corresponding author
    1. Center for Integrated Protein Science (CIPS) at the Department of Chemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Butenandtstrasse 5–13, 81377 München (Germany), Fax: (+49) 2180-77756
    • Center for Integrated Protein Science (CIPS) at the Department of Chemistry, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Butenandtstrasse 5–13, 81377 München (Germany), Fax: (+49) 2180-77756

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Abstract

We report an efficient synthesis of the hypermodified natural tRNA modifications wybutosine (yW) and hydroxywybutosine (OHyW). We also describe the preparation of isotopically labeled analogues for precise quantification of yW and OHyW in different tissues including plant materials. The synthesis involved the formation of the unusual tricyclic ring structure of the bases by using a catalytic, intramolecular hydroamination reaction. The basis for the synthesis is also a stereoselective coupling reaction that allows the introduction of the fully substituted side chains to the tricyclic core structure. The isotopologues of yW and OHyW, together with other isotopically labeled tRNA modifications, were ultimately used in LC-MS quantification experiments to investigate the role of the modified bases in the translational process. Quantification was performed in the plant species Arabidopsis thaliana.

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