A Two series of oligothiophenes 2(nT) (n=4,5), annelated with bicyclo[2.2.2]octene (BCO) units at both ends, and quaterthiophenes 3 a–c, annelated with various numbers of BCO units at different positions, were newly synthesized to investigate the driving forces of π-dimerization and the structure–property relationships of the π-dimers of oligothiophene radical cations. Their radical-cation salts were prepared through chemical one-electron oxidation by using nitrosonium hexafluoroantimonate. From variable-temperature electron spin resonance and electronic absorption measurements, the π-dimerization capability was found to vary among the members of the 2(nT)+.SbF6− series and 3+.SbF6− series of compounds. To examine these results, density functional theory (DFT) calculations at the M06-2X/6-31G(d) level were conducted for the π-dimers. This level of theory was found to successfully reproduce the previously reported X-ray structure of (2(3T))22+ having a bent π-dimer structure with cis–cis conformations. The absorption bands obtained by time-dependent DFT calculations for the π-dimers were in reasonable agreement with the experimental spectra. The attractive and repulsive forces for the π-dimerization were divided into four factors: 1) SOMO–SOMO interactions, 2) van der Waals forces, 3) solvation, and 4) Coulomb repulsion, and the effects of each factor on the structural differences and chain-length dependence are discussed in detail.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.