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Mechanistic Insights into the Rhenium-Catalyzed Alcohol-To-Olefin Dehydration Reaction

Authors

  • Dr. Ties J. Korstanje,

    1. Organic Chemistry & Catalysis, Debye Institute for Nanomaterials Science, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, Universiteitsweg 99, 3584 CG Utrecht (The Netherlands), Fax: (+31) 30-252-3615
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  • Dr. Johann T. B. H. Jastrzebski,

    1. Organic Chemistry & Catalysis, Debye Institute for Nanomaterials Science, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, Universiteitsweg 99, 3584 CG Utrecht (The Netherlands), Fax: (+31) 30-252-3615
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  • Prof. Dr. Robertus J. M. Klein Gebbink

    Corresponding author
    1. Organic Chemistry & Catalysis, Debye Institute for Nanomaterials Science, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, Universiteitsweg 99, 3584 CG Utrecht (The Netherlands), Fax: (+31) 30-252-3615
    • Organic Chemistry & Catalysis, Debye Institute for Nanomaterials Science, Faculty of Science, Utrecht University, Universiteitsweg 99, 3584 CG Utrecht (The Netherlands), Fax: (+31) 30-252-3615
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Abstract

Rhenium-based complexes are powerful catalysts for the dehydration of various alcohols to the corresponding olefins. Here, we report on both experimental and theoretical (DFT) studies into the mechanism of the rhenium-catalyzed dehydration of alcohols to olefins in general, and the methyltrioxorhenium-catalyzed dehydration of 1-phenylethanol to styrene in particular. The experimental and theoretical studies are in good agreement, both showing the involvement of several proton transfers, and of a carbenium ion intermediate in the catalytic cycle.

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