The oxidative photocyclization reactions of olefins that contain 1H-phosphindole or dibenzophosphole substituents have been applied to the synthesis of P/N-bi-heterosubstituted dimeric helicenes, as well as of new - and phosphahelicenes. In these photocyclization processes, the configuration of the stereogenic phosphorus center dictates the sense of helical chirality. Thus, by starting from enantiomerically pure P-menthylphosphole-oxide units, this method affords enantiopure helical compounds. The helical phosphine oxides were characterized by X-ray diffraction. After reduction of the phosphine-oxides, the corresponding helical phosphines have been used as ligands in transition-metal complexes. The X-ray crystal structure of a gold chloride complex of a helicene is reported.