Highly functionalized diaryl ethers were prepared by copper(II) acetate mediated O-arylation reaction of phenols using trivalent organobismuthanes. The reaction is performed under simple conditions and tolerates a wide diversity of functional groups on the phenol and on the organobismuth reagent. Substoichiometric amounts of catalyst can be used by performing the reaction under an oxygen atmosphere. The N-arylation of pyridones is also reported.
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