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Lanthanoid–Transition-Metal Bonding in Bismetallocenes

Authors

  • Dr. Mikhail V. Butovskii,

    1. Lehrstuhl Anorganische Chemie II, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstrasse 30, 95440 Bayreuth (Germany), Fax: (+49) 921-55-2157
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  • Dr. Benjamin Oelkers,

    1. Lehrstuhl Anorganische Chemie II, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstrasse 30, 95440 Bayreuth (Germany), Fax: (+49) 921-55-2157
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  • Dr. Tobias Bauer,

    1. Lehrstuhl Anorganische Chemie II, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstrasse 30, 95440 Bayreuth (Germany), Fax: (+49) 921-55-2157
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  • Dr. Jacinta M. Bakker,

    1. Lehrstuhl Anorganische Chemie II, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstrasse 30, 95440 Bayreuth (Germany), Fax: (+49) 921-55-2157
    2. School of Chemistry, Monash University, Clayton, Vic. 3800 (Australia)
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  • Dr. Viktor Bezugly,

    1. Max-Planck-Institut für Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Nöthnitzer Strasse 40, 01187 Dresden (Germany)
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  • Dr. Frank R. Wagner,

    Corresponding author
    1. Max-Planck-Institut für Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Nöthnitzer Strasse 40, 01187 Dresden (Germany)
    • Frank R. Wagner, Max-Planck-Institut für Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Nöthnitzer Strasse 40, 01187 Dresden (Germany)

      Rhett Kempe, Lehrstuhl Anorganische Chemie II, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstrasse 30, 95440 Bayreuth (Germany), Fax: (+49) 921-55-2157

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  • Prof. Dr. Rhett Kempe

    Corresponding author
    1. Lehrstuhl Anorganische Chemie II, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstrasse 30, 95440 Bayreuth (Germany), Fax: (+49) 921-55-2157
    • Frank R. Wagner, Max-Planck-Institut für Chemische Physik fester Stoffe, Nöthnitzer Strasse 40, 01187 Dresden (Germany)

      Rhett Kempe, Lehrstuhl Anorganische Chemie II, Universität Bayreuth, Universitätsstrasse 30, 95440 Bayreuth (Germany), Fax: (+49) 921-55-2157

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Abstract

Bismetallocenes [Cp2LuReCp2] and [Cp*2LaReCp2] (Cp=cyclopentadienyl; Cp*=pentamethylcyclopentadienyl) were prepared using different synthetic strategies. Salt metathesis—performed in aromatic hydrocarbons to avoid degradation pathways caused by THF—were identified as an attractive alternative to alkane elimination. Although alkane elimination is more attractive in the sense of its less elaborate workup, the rate of the reaction shows a strong dependence on the ionic radius of Ln3+ (Ln=lanthanide) within a given ligand set. Steric hindrance can cause a dramatic decrease in the reaction rate of alkane elimination. In this case, salt metathesis should be considered the better alternative. Covalent bonding interactions between the Ln and transition-metal (TM) cations has been quantified on the basis of the delocalization index. Its magnitude lies within the range characteristic for bonds between transition metals. Secondary interactions were identified between carbon atoms of the Cp ligand of the transition metal and the Ln cation. Model calculations clearly indicated that the size of these interactions depends on the capability of the TM atom to act as an electron donor (i.e., a Lewis base). The consequences can even be derived from structural details. The observed clear dependency of the Lu[BOND]Ru and interfragment Lu[BOND]C bonding on the THF coordination of the Lu atom points to a tunable Lewis acidity at the Ln site, which provides a method of significantly influencing the structure and the interfragment bonding.

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