Synthesis of functional poly(phenyl isocyanide)s with macromolecular helicity memory and their use as asymmetric organocatalysts

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  • Dedicated to Professor Domenico Misiti on the occasion of his 75th birthday.

Abstract

To develop a novel polymer-based asymmetric organocatalyst, a series of helical poly(phenyl isocyanide)s with functional pendant groups were prepared by modifying the side groups of the optically active helical poly(4-carboxyphenyl isocyanide) with a macromolecular helicity memory. Helical polyisocyanides partially modified with achiral amines, such as piperazine, maintained their chiral memory and enantioselectively catalyzed a direct aldol reaction. Although the enantioselectivity was low, the original helical poly(4-carboxyphenyl isocyanide) showed no catalytic activity. These results indicated that the macromolecular helicity of the modified polyisocyanides together with bifunctional amino and carboxy acid pendant residues arranged in a helical array along the polymer backbones plays an important role in the enantioselectivity. Chirality, 2009. © 2008 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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