Regular Article/Contribution to the Proceedings of the 22nd International Symposium on Chirality [ISCD 22]
Experimental and theoretical investigations of circular dichroism of donor–acceptor 1,1′-binaphthyls: Influence of substitution on the coupling amplitude and cotton effect of the charge-transfer band
Article first published online: 23 MAR 2011
Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Special Issue: Proceedings from the 22nd International Symposium on Chirality, Sapporo, Japan, 2010
Volume 23, Issue 1E, pages E22–E27, 2011
How to Cite
Nakai, Y., Nishizaka, M., Yang, C., Fukuhara, G., Mori, T. and Inoue, Y. (2011), Experimental and theoretical investigations of circular dichroism of donor–acceptor 1,1′-binaphthyls: Influence of substitution on the coupling amplitude and cotton effect of the charge-transfer band. Chirality, 23: E22–E27. doi: 10.1002/chir.20947
- Issue published online: 24 OCT 2011
- Article first published online: 23 MAR 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 23 DEC 2010
- Manuscript Revised: 13 DEC 2010
- Manuscript Received: 11 OCT 2010
- Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research
- The Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation Fund
- Sumitomo Foundation
Choose one or more boxes to highlight terms.
- circular dichroism;
- chiral 1,1′-binaphthyl;
- donor–acceptor interaction;
- coupled oscillator theory;
- theoretical calculations
The electronic circular dichroism (CD) spectra of donor–acceptor binaphthyls were investigated experimentally and theoretically. The enantiomerically pure forms of 1-(2-methoxy-1-naphthyl)- and 1-(2,3-dimethoxy-1-naphthyl)-2-methylisoquinolinium tetrafluoroborates (DA and D′A) were prepared, and their UV–vis and CD spectra were compared. The donor–acceptor interaction was apparent from the absorption at longer wavelengths, whereas its strength was not very different from each other. In addition, very similar structures were obtained for the two aromatic planes in DA and D′A when the geometry was optimized by the density functional theory. The additional methoxy group in the latter spices scarcely disturbed the UV–vis spectrum but significantly affected the CD spectrum. Thus, the observed CD spectra were considerably different from each other, especially in the 1Bb band couplet, where the amplitude was reduced to almost one-fourth in D′A. The theoretical investigations led to the following conclusions: (1) The potential curve associated with the central CC dihedral angle of 1,1′-binaphthyl is fairly flat at the bottom for both DA and D′A and freely rotating at an ambient temperature. The potential curve of D′A is, however, significantly different from that of DA, in which the curve is much steeper and biased to the s-cis side. As the observed CD spectrum is an ensemble of conformers of various dihedral angles, such difference in potential certainly affects the overall spectrum; (2) The additional methoxy group introduced at the 3-position effectively altered the CD spectral pattern, which was theoretically supported by the calculation at the RI-CC2/TZVPP level; (3) Consequently, the classical coupled oscillator theory, in which the angle between the transition dipole moments of two aromatic planes is solely considered, is not applicable to the quantitative evaluation of the chiroptical properties of 1,1′-binaphthyls; rather, the quantum chemical approach is preferred, permitting a direct comparison with the experiment. Chirality 2011. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
|View compound in article | Full details | Search for this compound|