• medical education;
  • continuing;
  • health care management;
  • physician-executives;
  • Russia;
  • needs assessment


Introduction: For more than 70 years, health care management in the Soviet Union reflected a centralized directive style familiar to the Soviet political system. Market-oriented reform in post-Soviet Russia is pushing practicing physicians and physician-executives to acquire new information and skills regarding health care management. To assist with health care management in Russia, we analyzed health care providers' educational needs, as they perceive them.

Methods: A total of 4, 367 questionnaires were sent to practicing physicians and physician-executives in 3 regions of the Russian Federation. The questionnaires included 14 items designed to determine respondents' current levels of satisfaction and preferences for health care management education in Russia.

Results: There were 847 questionnaires returned, for a total response rate of 19.4%. Physicians were dissatisfied with the current status of health care management education, but they were interested in learning the skills of health care management. The health care legal system and computer systems and data analysis were the most popular courses requested; health care management and marketing were the least popular. Learning interests of executives differed from those of practicing physicians, and regions differed in their combined interests for courses. Medical school and continuing education departments were seen as the best choices for delivering health care management education.

Discussion: As health care policy shifts in new directions, physicians in leadership positions expect Russian medical schools and continuing education departments to provide courses that enable improvements in health care.