• Degaleesan, S., “Fluid Dynamic Measurements and Modeling of Liquid Mixing in Bubble Columns,” D.Sc. Thesis, Washington University, St. Louis, MO (1997).
  • Fan, L.-S., “Gas-Liquid-Solid Fluidization Engineering,” Butterworth Series in Chemical Engineering, Boston, MA (1989).
  • Fan, L.-S., G. Q. Yang, D. J. Lee, K. Tsuchiya and X. Luo, “Some Aspects of High-Pressure Phenomena of Bubbles in Liquids and Liquid-Solid Suspensions,” Chem. Eng. Sci. 54, 4681 (1999).
  • Han, L., “Hydrodynamics and Mass Transfer in Bubble Column Reactors,” D.Sc. Thesis, Washington University, St. Louis, MO (2007).
  • Inga, J. R. and B. I. Morsi, “Effect of Catalyst Loading on Gas/Liquid Mass Transfer in a Slurry Reactor: A Statistical Experimental Approach,” Can. J. Chem. Eng. 75 (5), 872881 (1997).
  • Kemoun, A., B. Cheng Ong, P. Gupta, M. H. Al-Dahhan and M. P. Dudukovic, “Gas Holdup in Bubble Columns at Elevated Pressure Via Computed Tomography,” Intl. J. Mult. Flow 27, 929946 (2001).
  • Krishna, R., J. W. A. de Swart, J. Ellenberger, G. B. Martina and C. Maretto, “Gas Holdup in Slurry Bubble Columns: Effect of Column Diameter and Slurry Concentrations,” AIChE J. 43, 311316 (1997).
  • Krishna, R., J. M. van Baten, M. I. Urseanu and J. Ellenberger, “Design and Scale-Up of the Bubble Column Slurry Reactor for Fischer-Tropsch Synthesis,” Chem. Eng. Sci. 56, 537545 (2001).
  • Kumar, S. B., “Computed Tomography Measurements of Void Fraction and Modeling of the Flow in Bubble Columns,” Ph.D. Thesis, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton (1994).
  • Macchi, A., H. Bi, J. R. Grace, C. A. McKnight and L. Hackman, “Dimensional Hydrodynamic Similitude in Three-Phase Fluidized Beds,” Chem. Eng. Sci. 56, 60396045 (2001).
  • Ong, B. C., “Experimental Investigations of Bubble Column Hydrodynamics—Effect of Elevated Pressure and Superficial Gas Velocity,” D.Sc. Thesis, Washington University, St. Louis, MO (2003).
  • Rados, N., “Slurry Bubble Column Hydrodynamics,” D.Sc. Thesis, Washington University, St. Louis, MO (2003).
  • Safoniuk, M., J. R. Grace, L. Hackman and C. A. McKnight, “Use of Dimensional Similitude for Scale-Up of Hydrodynamics in Three-Phase Fluidized Bed,” Chem. Eng. Sci. 54, 49614966 (1999).
  • Shaikh, A.Bubble and Slurry Bubble Columns: Mixing, Flow Regime Transition, and Scaleup,” D.Sc. Thesis, Washington University, St. Louis, MO (2007).
  • Shaikh A. and M. H. Al-Dahhan, “Development of an Artificial Neural Network Correlation for Prediction of Overall Gas Holdup in Bubble Column Reactors,” Chem. Eng. Proc. 42, 599610 (Special Issue on Application of Neural Networks to Multiphase Reactors) (2003).
  • Shaikh, A. and M. Al-Dahhan, “Characterization of the Hydrodynamic Flow Regime in Bubble Columns via Computed Tomography,” Flow Meas. Instrum. 16(2–3), 9198 (Special Issue on Tomographic Techniques for Multiphase Flow Measurements) (2005).
  • Shaikh, A., and M. Al-Dahhan, “A Review on Flow Regime Transition in Bubble Columns,” Intl. J. Chem. React. Eng. 5, R1 (2007).
  • van Baten, J. M., J. Ellenberger and R. Krishna, “Scale-Up Strategy for Bubble Column Slurry Reactors Using CFD Simulations,” Cat. Today 79–80, 259265 (2003).
  • Wilkinson, P. M., A. P. Spek and L. L. van Dierendonck, “Design Parameters Estimation for Scale-Up of High Pressure Bubble Columns,” AIChE J. 38(544), (1992).
  • Zhang, K. and Y. Zhao, “A Scale-Up Strategy for Low-Temperature Methanol Synthesis in a Circulating Slurry Bubble Reactor,” Chem. Eng. Sci. 61, 14591469 (2006).