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Synthesis of CaCO3 nanoparticles by controlled precipitation of saturated carbonate and calcium nitrate aqueous solutions



Calcium carbonate nanoparticles (CCNP) were synthesised by precipitation from saturated sodium carbonate and calcium nitrate aqueous solutions. The effect of agitation rate, mixing time, calcium/carbonate ions concentration and temperature on particle size and morphology were investigated. Particles were characterised using X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Increasing the mixing time from 30 to 180 min resulted in a decrease in particles size. Mixing rate variation between 300 and 14 000 rpm decreased the particle size. Temperature increase favoured a significant growth in particle size and in the formation of aragonite beginning from 80°C. Calcium and carbonate ion concentrations are key parameters controlling the CCNP particle size. Calcite is the main polymorph obtained as revealed by XRD analysis. © 2011 Canadian Society for Chemical Engineering