• two–phase liquid–solid fluidised bed;
  • hydrodynamics;
  • vibration signature;
  • pressure fluctuations;
  • statistical analysis


Hydrodynamic behaviour of a two–phase liquid–solid fluidised bed was investigated over a wide range of liquid velocities by means of simultaneous vibration and pressure fluctuations analyses. The liquid velocities were set in a way that covered two most important hydrodynamic events in the bed, namely minimum fluidisation and circulating-solid regime. To prevent solids from being carried out of the bed, the maximum liquid velocity was kept lower than the terminal velocity of solids. Statistical analysis on the vibration signatures of bed shell proved to be a strong representative for minimum fluidisation characterisation and solid regime change. The minimum fluidisation velocity can be obtained from the intersection of two linear parts in the standard deviation of vibration fluctuation signals. Moreover, the kurtosis of vibration signals could predict the minimum fluidisation and approximate solid regime transition successfully. Meanwhile, statistical parameters, such as standard deviation, skewness, and kurtosis as well as newly-introduced parameters, namely the energy and average cycle frequency of pressure signals, determined both of minimum fluidisation condition and circulating-solid flow regime. © 2011 Canadian Society for Chemical Engineering