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Comparative kinetics of transesterification for biodiesel production from palm oil and mustard oil

Authors

  • Titipong Issariyakul,

    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Catalysis and Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratories, University of Saskatchewan, 57 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, S7N 5A9
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  • Ajay K. Dalai

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Chemical Engineering, Catalysis and Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratories, University of Saskatchewan, 57 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, S7N 5A9
    • Department of Chemical Engineering, Catalysis and Chemical Reaction Engineering Laboratories, University of Saskatchewan, 57 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK, Canada, S7N 5A9.
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

The kinetics of palm oil and mustard oil transesterification are compared. Transesterification of palm oil and mustard oil using KOH as a catalyst was performed at various reaction temperatures ranging from 40 to 60°C. The reaction steps are reversible and transesterification is favoured at elevated temperatures. The reaction step of triglyceride to diglyceride is the rate determining step (RDS) that controls kinetics of overall transesterification with activation energies of 30.2 and 26.8 kJ/mol for palm oil and mustard oil transesterification, respectively. It is found that percentage of saturated compounds play a vital role on transesterification kinetics. © 2011 Canadian Society for Chemical Engineering

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