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Keywords:

  • fluidised bed;
  • recurrence plot;
  • recurrence quantification analysis;
  • pressure fluctuations

Abstract

Recurrence plot (RP) and recurrence quantification analysis (RQA) have been used for studying the dynamic behaviour of gas–solid fluidised beds. RQA variables (recurrence rate, determinism, laminarity and entropy) were calculated for the bubbling fluidised bed at different superficial gas velocities (ranging 0.1–1.5 m/s) and aspect ratios (1, 1.5 and 2). Patterns within RP changed with these various conditions, and subsequently RQA parameters changed accordingly. These changes can be potentially useful to study the bed hydrodynamic. It was shown that transition from bubbling to turbulent velocity can be determined by the variation of recurrence rate and entropy. © 2011 Canadian Society for Chemical Engineering