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Keywords:

  • computational fluid dynamics;
  • two-fluid model;
  • counter-current flow;
  • fluid catalytic cracking;
  • reactor vessel

Abstract

Detailed study of the gas–solid flow in FCC reactor was performed using Euler–Euler two-fluid model. Two distinct regions were identified in the reactor vessel based on differences in catalyst void fraction and fluid flow: the dilute phase congested disengager region and dense phase congested stripper region. Velocity profile revealed an inert yet random flow pattern in the disengager and a counter-current type of flow with a pronounced radial unevenness in the stripper. Residence time distribution proved that a small portion of oil vapour could linger over 5 min before exiting despite that the apparatus may have a significantly shorter average residence time.