• graphene;
  • graphene oxide;
  • colloids;
  • conducting materials


We report an effective method for bulk obtaining exfoliated graphene oxide (GO) solids from their aqueous solutions, which were prepared from nature graphite by an oxidation method. Tyndall effect proved that GO solution has a colloidal nature. Different flocculants were used to coagulate GO colloidal, and it was found that NaOH had the most obvious coagulation effect to GO. Transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy analysis demonstrated that there were a large number of complete few-layer GO sheets with thickness of about 0.8 nm, and the surfaces were very smooth, almost free of impurities. Liquid state 13C NMR and Fourier transformation infrared spectra showed the presence of abundant benzene carboxylic, hydroxyl and epoxide groups in the basal planes of GO. The graphene materials reduced from GO solids had good electrical conductivity. Our work explored a simple and effective route to extract GO from their solution, which is the most important to GO and graphene researches and applications.