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Keywords:

  • organic chemistry;
  • synthesis;
  • 2-azido-4-nitroimidazole;
  • single crystal;
  • energetic materials

Abstract

2-Azido-4-nitroimidazole and its derivatives have been synthesized for energetic material applications. The synthesized compounds were fully characterized by 1H, 13C NMR spectroscopy and elemental analysis. Most of them were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction. The calculated densities of the compounds range between 1.71 and 1.92 g·cm−3. The calculated detonation pressures (P) for these derivatives fall in the range of 25.17 to 32.62 GPa and the detonation velocities (D) are distributed from 7.65 to 8.55 km·s−1.