Chinese Journal of Chemistry

Cover image for Chinese Journal of Chemistry

April, 2009

Volume 27, Issue 4

Pages 623–853

  1. Communications

    1. Top of page
    2. Communications
    3. Full Papers
    4. Notes
    1. Pd/C/PPh3: A Simple and Efficient Catalyst System for Double Carbonylation Reactions (pages 623–627)

      Jianming LIU, Shuzhan ZHENG, Wei SUN and Chungu XIA

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990101

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      The double carbonylation of iodobenzene and diethylamine proceeds smoothly in the presence of Pd/C and carbon monoxide to afford the corresponding α-keto amide in good yields with excellent selectivity. In addition, other aryl iodides and secondary amines also react under similar conditions to form α-keto amides in good yields.

    2. Evaluation and Comparison of a 3,5-Dimethylphenyl Isocyanate Teicoplanin and Phenyl Isocyanate Teicoplanin Chiral Stationary Phases (pages 628–632)

      Baochun SHEN, Datong ZHANG, Jianyong YUAN, Beijia XU and Xiuzhu XU

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990102

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      Two chiral stationary phases (CSP), phenylisocyanate teicoplanin CSP (Ph-TE), and 3,5-dimethylphenyl isocyanate teicoplanin CSP (DMP-TE) were prepared from the macrocyclic glycopeptide teicoplanin CSP (TE) using derivative agents, phenyl isocyanate or 3,5-dimethylphenyl isocyanate, respectively. The evaluation and comparison of these two self-made CSP were performed using HPLC enantiomeric separations in two different mobile phase modes. Twelve racemic analytes, including eight amino acids and four non-amino acid compounds reached enantioseparation using the RPLC mobile phase and six amino alcohols reached enantiomeric separation using the PO mobile phase. Because of similar structure, the Ph-TE and DMP-TE have similar chiral separation ability.

    3. Reactivity of Carboxyl-functionalized Cubane-like Photocyclodimer of 2-Substituted Naphthalene toward Aromatic Amines (pages 633–637)

      Guihong LIAO, Lin LUO, Xiaoling WU, Lei LEI, Chenho TUNG and Lizhu WU

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990103

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      Carboxyl-functionalized cubane-like photocyclodimer 2 was reacted with a series of aromatic amines 3 for understanding the reactivity of this unique system. Spectroscopic and X-ray crystal structural analyses demonstrate that N,N′-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC) is reactive toward 2 affording stable 4 with a well-retained cubane-like structure. With the assistance of DCC, mono- and diacyl-substituted photocyclodimers of 2-naphthalene (5 and 6) have also been achieved in reasonable yields in addition to the formation of 4. Subtle change in electronic properties of the series of aromatic amines 3 modulates the reactivity and product distribution remarkably.

  2. Full Papers

    1. Top of page
    2. Communications
    3. Full Papers
    4. Notes
    1. Kinetic Study of the Electro-Catalytic Oxidation of Hydrazine on Cobalt Hydroxide Modified Glassy Carbon Electrode (pages 638–644)

      Mohammad HASANZADEH, Ghasem KARIM-NEZHAD, Nasrin SHADJOU, Balal KHALILZADEH, Lotali SAGHATFOROUSH, Sohrab ERSHAD and Isa. KAZEMAN

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990104

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      The pseudo-steady state polarization curves of the electro-oxidation of hydrazine CHM-GC electrode at a number of hydrazine concentrations are presented in the left figure. The oxidation process was found to begin at nearly 470 mV (vs. SCE) and to reach a plateau at 605 mV (vs. SCE), while the oxygen evolution starts at still higher potentials. In the course of reaction the coverage of Co(IV) increases and reaches a saturation (steady state) level and the oxidation current follows accordingly.

    2. Thixotropic and Viscoelastic Properties of Hydrotalcite Like Compound-Montmorillonite Suspensions (pages 645–648)

      Shuping LI, Xiaodong LI and Yinyan ZHU

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990105

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      The thixotropic and viscoelastic properties of the complex suspension made up of hydrotalcite-like compound (HTlc)- sodium montmorillonite (MT) suspensions have been studied carefully. Two kinds of Fe-Mg-Al-HTlc systems have been examined, and from sample 1 to sample 2, the content of Mg2+ enhances gradually while the ratio of Al to Fe remains constant. With increasing the content of Mg2+ in the HTlc samples, the results of the creep tests and the stress sweep experiments all indicate that the structure strength of the HTlc/MT suspension rises. Moreover, the hysterisis loops have been detected carefully, showing that the thixotropic degree increases with increasing the Mg2+ content. It was concluded that the rheological properties could be adjusted by the change of the metal content.

    3. Dynamical Complexity in Electrochemical Oxidations of Thiocyanate (pages 649–654)

      Li LIU, Jiamin FENG, Guoguang WU, Xiaoli LÜ and Qingyu Gao

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990106

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      Both current and potential oscillations have been observed in the electrochemical oxidation of thiocyanate on a Pt electrode. Cyclic voltammetry measure- ments illustrate that the oxidation process is through a two-step mechanism.

    4. Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopic Measurements of Sexithiophene–Effect of the Electrode Nature and the Dopant (CuCl2) Content (pages 655–659)

      Belkacem NESSARK and Naïma MAOUCHE

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990107

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      Electrochemical impedance spectroscopic (EIS) measurements of sexithiophene (6T) were carried out according to the Pt/6T/M sandwich structure configuration, for various electrode materials (M=GC, ITO, Ag, Cu, Al) and for different doping levels of copper chloride (CuCl2). The results demonstrate that two types of charge transport are involved in the redox process at the electrode/6T interface and inside the bulk oligomer. The complex-plane impedance plots obtained for various doping levels of CuCl2 exhibit arc shapes. The charge-transfer resistance measured from the diagrams decreases systematically with the addition of the salt, leading to an increase of the oligothiophene conductivity.

    5. A Theoretical Investigation on the Reaction Mechanism of the C9H12 Side-chain Decomposition (pages 660–664)

      Xueli CHENG, Yanyun ZHAO, Feng LI and Dongsheng ZHANG

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990108

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      n-Phenylpropane cation C9H12 serves as a prototype to investigate the reaction mechanisms of alkylbenzene cations. The decomposition reactions of C9H12 system have been studied extensively at the B3LYP/6-311++G∗∗ level with Gaussian 98 program package. The reaction mechanism show C9H12[RIGHTWARDS ARROW]C7H7+ +C2H5·, which is thermodynamically most favorable.

    6. Non-isothermal Decomposition Kinetics, Specific Heat Capacity and Adiabatic Time-to-explosion of 1-Amino-1-hydrazino-2,2-dinitroethylene (AHDNE) (pages 665–671)

      Kangzhen XU, Fengqi ZHAO, Jirong SONG, Chunran CHANG, Meng LI, Yaoyu WANG and Rongzu HU

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990109

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      1-Amino-1-hydrazino-2,2-dinitroethylene (AHDNE) has no melting point, and its thermal behavior can be divided into two conterminous intensely exothermic decomposition stages. The peak temperatures are 112.95 and 133.73 °C at the heating rate of 5.0 °C·min−1, respectively. The whole enthalpy of exothermic decomposition reaction of AHDNE is about 1785.4 J·g−1, and the non-isothermal kinetic equation of the first exothermic decomposition reaction of AHDNE is dα/dT=1019.29(1−α)exp(−1.88×104/T)/β.

    7. Calorimetric Study and Thermal Analysis of 4-(Aminomethyl) Benzoic Acid (pages 672–676)

      Qingyun ZHENG, Zhicheng TAN, Difan WANG, Aiping HAO, Beiping LIU, Xuechuan LÜ and Quan SHI

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990110

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      The molar heat capacities of 4-(aminomethyl)benzoic acid were measured over the temperature range from 80 to 400 K by adibadic calorimetry. The heat capacity curve was smooth and no any thermal anomaly was observed, which means that the compound is stable in this temperature range. Heat capacity data (J·K−1·mol−1) were fitted to a polynomial equation: Cp,m=162.01+91.771X+6.4372X2+1.7517X3−4.991X4+8.909X5+1.585X6, X= (T−235)/155. The ststandard enthalpy of formation of the compound was determined to be −(420±5) kJ·mol−1, through combustion calorimetry.

    8. Sm1.5Sr0.5MO4 (M=Ni, Co, Fe) Cathode Catalysts for Ammonia Synthesis at Atmospheric Pressure and Low Temperature (pages 677–680)

      Gaochao XU and Ruiquan LIU

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990111

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      Sm1.5Sr0.5MO4 (M=Ni, Co, Fe) (SSM) was prepared by a sol-gel method and characterized by XRD measurements. Ammonia was synthesized from wet hydrogen and desiccated nitrogen by electrochemistry at atmospheric pressure and low temperature. The Sm1.5Sr0.5NiO4 (SSN) was the better cathode catalyst than Sm1.5Sr0.5CoO4 (SSC) and Sm1.5Sr0.5FeO4 (SSF) in ammonia synthesis by electrochemistry.

    9. Spectroscopic Studies on the Binding of Bacteriophage Mequindox with Bovine Serum Albumin (pages 681–686)

      Zhouhua ZENG, Yi LIU, Xianming HU, Zhenqiang XU and Kun ZENG

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990112

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      The interaction of MEQ with BSA has been investigated by flourscence spectroscopic method. The thermodynamic parameters, such as ΔG, ΔH, ΔS, etc., at different temperatures have been calculated. It provides a very simple, fast and exact method for drug research.

    10. A Theoretical Study on the Vibrational Spectra and Thermodynamic Properties for the Derivatives of HNS (pages 687–696)

      Guixiang WANG, Chunhong SHI, Xuedong GONG and Heming XIAO

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990113

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      At the DFT-B3LYP/6-31G∗ level, the IR spectra of the derivatives of HNS were obtained and assigned by vibrational analysis. The calculated and experimental infrared spectra of HNS were compared, and it is found that they were all close, which proves the reliability of theoretical computation. On the basis of the conlusion, the thermodynamic properties were evaluated.

    11. π Type Lithium Bond Interaction between Ethylene, Acetylene, or Benzene and Amido-lithium (pages 697–702)

      Kun YUAN, Yanzhi LIU, Lingling LÜ, Yuancheng ZHU, Ji ZHANG and Junyan ZHANG

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990114

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      π type lithium bond complexes formed between ethylene, acetylene, or benzene and amido-lithium were studied via DFT-B3LYP and MP2 method at 6-311++G∗∗ level.

    12. Adsorption of Methane on Water under Hydrate Formation Conditions (pages 703–706)

      Baozi PENG, Changyu SUN, Peng LIU and Guangjin CHEN

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990115

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      The interfacial properties between methane and water were investigated systemically under hydrate formation conditions. Pressure has a great influence upon the interface tension at higher pressure. Higher pressure and lower temperature corresponded to higher adsorption concentration of methane. The adsorption of methane on water under hydrate formation condition is more preferable than that at 298.2 K.

    13. Activity Coefficients for NaBr in Aqueous D-Trehalose/D-Cellobiose Solutions at 298.15 K (pages 707–712)

      Kelei ZHUO, Wenhao WANG, Yujuan CHEN and Jianji WANG

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990116

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      The ionic mean activity coefficients of NaBr in trehalose-water and cellobiose-water mixtures have been experiment- ally determined at 298.15 K from electrochemical potential measure- ments by an electrochemical cell containing two ion selective electrodes (ISE), together with the activity coefficients of the disaccharides. The parameters C1 representing the pair interactions between the disaccharides and NaBr have been obtained. The interactions of NaBr with trehalose, cellobiose and glucose were compared and discussed in terms of their difference in the stereo-structures.

    14. Molal Enthalpy of Solution of Ionic Liquid [C2mim][GaCl4] (pages 713–716)

      Wei GUAN, Li LIU, Caixia WANG and Jiazhen YANG

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990117

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      In terms of thermodynamic cycle and Glasser's theory of lattice energy for ionic liquid, the dissociation enthalpy of anion [GaCl4](g), that is reaction enthalpy of "[GaCl4](g) [RIGHTWARDS ARROW]Ga3+(g)+4Cl(g)", ΔHdis([GaCl4])≈5855 kJ·mol−1, was estimated.

    15. Preparation and Storage of Silver Nanoparticles in Aqueons Polymers (pages 717–721)

      Weihong SONG, Xiaoxiao ZHANG, Hongzong YIN, Panpan SA and Xiaoyan LIU

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990118

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      Silver nanoparticles solution and redissolving solution of polymer film were prepared with PVA as polymer and sodium borohydride as reducer, respectively. Comparing the UV-Vis spectra of redissolving solution with primary solution, the two curves of absorption spectrum basically tallied.

    16. Silver(I) Coordination Polymers of 2,11-Dithia[3.3]paracyclophane and in situ Silver(I) Perfluoro-dicarboxylates (pages 722–726)

      Shuqin LIU, Xiongfu ZHANG, Huilong WANG, Changgong MENG and Wensheng MOU

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990119

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      Coordination polymers of 2,11-dithia[3.3]- paracyclopane (dtpcp) with in situ silver(I) perfluoro-dicarboxylates characterized by single crystal X-ray analysis are described. With disilver(I) tetrafluorosuccinate [(CF2)n- (COOAg)2, n=2], 1D chains of [Ag4(dtpcp)3- (C2F4(CO2)2)2]·2CH3OH (1) are given. Changing the silver salt to disilver(I) hexafluoroglutarate [(CF2)n(COOAg)2, n=3] produces a 3D structure with composition of [Ag2(dtpcp)(C3F6(CO2)2)] (2). With disilver(I) octafluoroadipate [(CF2)n(COOAg)2, n=4], 2D porous sheets with cavities, in which guest mesitylene molecules are located, are formed.

    17. Effect of Pb2+ on the Kinetic and Spectral Characterization of Ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate Carboxylase/Oxygenase (pages 727–731)

      Xuming WANG, Yuguan ZE, Xiao WU, Liang CHEN, Hao HUANG, Jie LIU, Linglan MA and Fashui HONG

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990120

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      The rubisco activity decreased gradually with increasing concentration of Pb2+.

    18. Monitoring of Methyldopa by Fast Fourier Transform Continuous Cyclic Voltammetry at Gold Microelectrode (pages 732–738)

      Parviz NOROUZI, Mohammad Reza GANJALI, Sayed Jamaleddin SHAHTAHERI, Rasoul DINARVAND and Ali HAMZEHPOOR

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990121

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      A continuous cyclic voltammetric study of methyldopa at gold micro electrode was carried out. The drug in phosphate buffer (pH 2.0) is adsorpted at 400 mV, giving rise to change in the current of well-defined oxidation peak of gold in the flow injection system.

    19. Controlled Synthesis and Characterization of Monodisperse Fe3O4 Nanoparticles (pages 739–744)

      Rongrong SHI, Guanhua GAO, Ran YI, Kechao ZHOU, Guanzhou QIU and Xiaohe LIU

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990122

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      This paper successfully synthesized monodisperse Fe3O4 nanocrystals with narrow size distribution through thermal decomposition of iron acetylacetonate in octadecene solvent. Surfactants, such as TOPO, SDS, CTAB, PEG, and PVP were used to modulate the particle size and morphology.

    20. Determination of Epinephrine by Flow Injection Analysis Coupled Ag(III) Complex-Luminol Chemiluminescence Detection (pages 745–750)

      Jiangbo BAI, Hongmei SHI, Yingze ZHANG, Dehu TIAN, Xiangdong XU and Weijun KANG

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990123

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      It was discovered that chemiluminescence greatly increased when the epinephrine solution was injected into a mixture of [Ag(HIO6)2]5− and alkaline luminol. Based on this finding, a simple, sensitive and rapid flow-injection analysis CL assay for epinephrine was developed. The limit of detection of this method was 8.0×10−10 mol·L−1 for epinephrine and the RSD was 2.9% for 1.5×10−8 mol·L−1 epinephrine. Based on the free radical trapping experiment, the mechanism of the reactions was also discussed.

    21. NMR-based Metabonomic Study on Rat's Urinary Metabolic Response to Dosage of Triptolide (pages 751–758)

      Shengan XIA, Huilang LIU, Hang ZHU, Zhiming ZHOU, Xu ZHANG and Maili LIU

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990124

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      NMR-based metabonomic approach was used to examine rat's urinary response to dosage of triptolide, a major component responsible for the immunosuppressive and anti- inflammatory effects of Tripterygium wilfordii Hook F. The results are shown by PCA score plot. It was obvious that biochemical variation induced by TP was time-related, and the maximal alteration in metabolite appeared at 16 h later after dosage, and partially recovered 56 h later after dosage.

    22. Separation of Aminobenzoic Acids by Gold Nanoparticle- modified Capillary Electrophoresis (pages 759–762)

      Hongtao YAN, Tuo LI and Yanli GUO

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990125

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      A novel separation method for aminobenzoic acids by capillary electrophoresis was developed. The capillary was modified with gold nanoparticles. The effect of gold nanoparticles on the resolution and selectivity of separation was investigated. The presence of gold nanoparticle improved the precision of the analysis and increased the separation efficiency. Under the optimized experiment conditions, aminobenzoic acids were separated and determined in a running buffer containing 5 mmol·L−1 sodium dihydrogen phosphate and 0.236 µmmol·L−1 gold nanoparticles at pH 5.3.

    23. A Simple Design to Realize Micro-column Separation by Conventional Analytical HPLC (pages 763–767)

      Wenjun GONG, Junxia ZHANG, Yuping ZHANG, Yijun ZHANG, Mengkui TIAN and Dafu WU

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990126

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      Porous inlet frit in a fused silica capillary could be prepared by sintering stainless steel powders under 500 meshes for about 20 s. The use of such frits or metal meshes in capillary to retain C18 particles was demonstrated to be stable and specially robust with continuous packing over 60 MPa and long chromatographic runs.

    24. Removal of Chloroform from Hydrochloride Acid Solution Using Fine Powder of Polymer as Adsorbent (pages 768–772)

      Yingzhou LU, Yong QUE, Chunxi LI, Hong MENG and Zihao WANG

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990127

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      The adsorptive ability of some fine powder of polymer adsorbents, viz. polyvinylchloride (PVC), chlorinated rubber (CR), porous polypropylene (PP), chlorinated polypropylene (CPP), and solid paraffin (SP), for chloroform was investigated in terms of their adsorption isotherms in 20% hydrochloric acid solutions at 298.15 K. The adsorptivity of PVC and CR was nearly equivalent to that of active carbon with their saturated adsorption being about 1.4 g-CHCl3 (g-absorbent)−1, indicating that the commercial polymer powder of PVC or CR can be used as an efficient absorbent for the removal of chloroform from its aqueous solution.

    25. Determination of Bioactive Components in Polygonum perfoliatum L. by Capillary Electrophoresis with Electrochemical Detection (pages 773–776)

      Shuping JIN, Xifeng GUO, Yinyan ZHANG, Ping LI, Pingang HE, Qingjiang WANG and Yuzhi FANG

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990128

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      Five bioactive components (ferulic acid, vanillic acid, quercetin, caffeic acid and protocatechuic acid) in Polygonum perfoliatum L. were simultaneously determined by capillary electrophoresis with electrochemical detection. Effects of several important factors such as pH and concentration of running buffer, separation voltage, injection time and detection potential were investigated to acquire the optimum conditions. This proposed method could be successfully used for the determination of the analytes in Polygonum perfoliatum L. with satisfactory results.

    26. Separation of Immunoglobulin in Conjunction with High Performance Liquid Chromatography Using Poly(vinyl ester resin) Monolith (pages 777–780)

      Guanqun YANG, Gengliang YANG, Haiyan LIU, Ligai BAI, Xiaojuan FENG and Xinru YANG

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990129

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      Using vinyl ester resin both as the monomer and the cross-linker, 2,2-azobis(2- methylprnopionitrile) (AIBN) as initiator, poly(vinyl ester resin) monolithic column was prepared to separate the IgG and IgY from human plasma and egg yolk by HPLC respectively. The influence of concentration and pH of mobile phase on the chromatographic performance was investigated. The results suggested that such kind of monolithic column could be used as a simple, cheap, effective method for the separation and purification of IgG. It is a good kind of stationary phase for HPLC.

    27. Development and Validation of Selective Spectrophotometric Methods for the Determination of Pregabalin in Pharmaceutical Preparation (pages 781–786)

      Önal ARMAĞAN

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990130

      Three simple, quick and sensitive methods are described for the spectrophotometric determination of pregabalin (Pgb) in pharmaceutical preparations. Among them, the first two methods are based on the reaction of Pgb as n-electron donors with 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone (DDQ) and 7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodi- methane (TCNQ) as π-acceptors to give highly colored complex species. The colored products were quantitated spectrophotometrically at 494 and 841 nm for DDQ and TCNQ, respectively. Beer's law was obeyed in the concentration ranges 2.0–30.0 and 1.5–10 g·mL−1 for DDQ and TCNQ methods, respectively. The third method is based on the interaction of ninhydrin (NN) with primary amine present in the pregabaline. This reaction produces a blue coloured product in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) medium, which absorbs maximally at 573 nm. Beer's law was found in the concentration range 40.0–180.0 µg·mL−1. The methods were applied successfully to the determination of this drug in pharmaceutical dosage forms.

    28. Facile Synthesis of 1,2,3,4-Tetrahydrobenzo[b][1,8]-naphthyridin-2-one via Baylis-Hillman Adducts (pages 787–790)

      Dongdong CHEN, Jing XU, Chunhao YANG and Yuyuan XIE

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990131

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      Various benzo[b][1,8]naphthyridin-2-ones were synthesized by a one-pot tandem reduction-double cyclization from the corresponding (Z)-ethyl 4-cyano-5-(2-nitrophenyl)- pent-4-enoates, which were easily prepared via Johnson-Claisen rearrangement from Baylis-Hillman affixtures of 2-nitrobenzaldehydes. The procedure has the advantages of easy handling and seperation under mild and green conditions, and the overall yields are moderate.

    29. Synthesis of β-Hydroxy Sulfides via Thiolysis of Epoxides Using S-Alkylisothiouronium Salts as Thiol Equivalents in Basic Aqueous Medium (pages 791–796)

      Jirang ZHU, Ridong LI, Zemei GE, Tieming CHENG and Runtao LI

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990132

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      S-Alkylisothiouronium salt as a nontoxic, odorless and simply operational alternative of thiol was reacted with different kinds of epoxides in basic aqueous medium at room temperature affording the β-hydroxy sulfides with high regioselectivity in excellent yields.

    30. Fragmentation Study of 2-Amino-4H-1,3-oxazines and Octahydro-4-phenyl-2H-pyrano[2,3-d]pyrimidin-2-ones: Identification of Heterocyclic Six-membered Ring in Three-component Reactions (pages 797–804)

      Nan HU, Yuanpo TAI, Jieping WAN and Yuanjiang PAN

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990133

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      The fragmentation behavior of two kinds of heterocyclic compounds was investigated by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry, which could be convenient for future identification of resembled derivatives.

    31. Site-directed PEGylations of Thymosin α 1 Analogs and Evaluation of Their Immunoactivity (pages 805–809)

      Jiankun QIE, Jinbo MA, Liangyou WANG, Xiaoyu XU, Wenxia ZHOU, Chunhui QI, Xiunan ZHAO, Yongxiang ZHANG and Keliang LIU

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990134

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      Site-directed single PEGylation was fulfilled by coupling poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) to the specific position in different regions of thymosin α 1 (Tα1) to elucidate the relationship between the PEGylation positions and bioactivity.

    32. Synthesis and Bioactivity of Some New 2-(Alkoxy carbonyl alkyl)-6-bromo-3,4-dihydro-3-(α-methyl benzyl)-2-oxo-benzo[e] [2H-1,3,2-oxazaphosphinine] Derivatives (pages 810–814)

      K. SRINIVASULU, K. SURESH KUMAR, B. HARI BABU, M. F. STEPHEN BABU, C. NAGA RAJU and C. SURESH REDDY

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990135

      Synthesis of some new 2-(alkoxy carbonyl alkyl)-6-bromo-3,4-dihydro-3-(α-methyl benzyl)-2-oxo-3-benzo[e][2H-1,3,2-oxazaphosphinine] derivatives was accomplished through a two step process, which involves the condensation of 2-[(α-methylbenzyl amino)methyl]-4-bromophenol (1) with phosphorus oxychloride in equimolar quantities in the presence of triethylamine in dry toluene in 50–55 °C producing the corresponding intermediate (2), and subsequent reaction with the amino acid alkyl ester in dry tetrahydrofuran in the presence of triethylamine at different temperatures. They exhibited significant antibacterial and fungal activity.

    33. Preparation and Application of Perchloric Acid Supported on Alumina (Al2O3-HClO4) to the Synthesis of α-(α-Amidobenzyl)-β-naphthols (pages 815–820)

      Hamid Reza SHATERIAN, Fahimeh KHORAMI, Azita AMIRZADEH and Majid GHASHANG

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990136

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      Preparation of perchloric acid supported on alumina and its primary application as a solid supported heterogeneous catalyst to the synthesis of α-(α-amidobenzyl)-β-naphthols by a one-pot, three-component condensation of benzaldehydes, β-naphthol and acetamide or benzamide under thermal solvent-free conditions were described. The present methodology offers several advantages such as simple procedure, shorter reaction time, and excellent yields.

    34. PPA-SiO2 Catalyzed Multi-component Synthesis of N-[α-(β-Hydroxy-α-naphthyl)(benzyl)] O-Alkyl Carbamate Derivatives (pages 821–824)

      Hamid Reza SHATERIAN, Asghar HOSSEINIAN and Majid GHASHANG

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990137

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      Silica-supported polyphosphoric acid (PPA-SiO2) was found to be an efficient catalyst for the multi-component condensation reaction of benzaldehydes, 2-naphthol, and methyl/benzyl carbamate and to afford the corresponding N-[α-(β-hydroxy-α- naphthyl)(benzyl)] O-alkyl carbamate derivatives in good to excellent yields. This new approach consistently has the advantage of short reaction time, high conversions, clean reaction profiles, and simple experimental and work-up procedures.

    35. Design and Synthesis of Matrix Metalloprotease Photoaffinity Trimodular Probes (pages 825–833)

      Wenwei QIU, Jie XU, Xin LI, Li ZHONG, Jingya LI, Jia LI and Fajun NAN

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990138

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      The rational designed trimodular probe 2 with three functional groups for target recognition, proximal target cross-linking and distal reporter tag attachment via click chemistry of a photo-stable azido-acetyl group demonstrates specificity, sensitivity, and the potential of general application in activity-based protein profiling for Matrix Metalloprotease.

    36. An Efficient Four-Component, One-Pot Synthesis of Poly-Substituted Pyrimidines in Water (pages 834–838)

      Zhongqing WANG, Zemei GE, Tieming CHENG and Runtao LI

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990139

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      An efficient environmentally friendly synthesis of poly-substituted pyrimidine has been developed via a four-component, one-pot reaction of malononitrile, carbon disulfide, alkyl halide and S-alkylisothiouronium salt in water at room temperature.

    37. Experimental Study on the Molecular Dimension and Configuration of Polymer and Its Flow Characteristics from Electrolyte Effect (pages 839–845)

      Xiangguo LU, Xiaoyan WANG and Weidong JIANG

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990140

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      As shown in the scheme, this paper mainly studied the molecular dimension and configuration of polymer from electrolyte effect, and took a further study on the polymer viscosity and flow characteristics of polymer solution in the porous medium, which will provide a guideline for designing the polymer flooding performance in oilfields.

  3. Notes

    1. Top of page
    2. Communications
    3. Full Papers
    4. Notes
    1. Synthesis and Properties of Heteroacenes Containing Pyrrole and Thiazine Rings as Promising n-Type Organic Semiconductor Candidates (pages 846–849)

      Wei HONG, Zhongming WEI, Wei XU, Quanrui WANG and Daoben ZHU

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990141

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Two trifluoromethyl substituted PBBTZ derivatives 3a and 3b were facilely synthesized and characterized. Their optical, electrochemical and thermal properties were studied. The low energy levels render them well air-stable, and to be promising n-type semiconductor candidates for use in organic electronics.

    2. Synthesis of Soluble Fluorene-polyimino Ketone (pages 850–853)

      Xuan LUO, Guanjun CHANG, Qingfu WANG, Wenxiu JIAO, Lin ZHANG and Runxiong LIN

      Article first published online: 6 MAY 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990142

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Based on the 9,9-di(4-anilinyl)fluorene, three new fluorene-polyimino ketones have been obtained by the Buchwald-Hartwig cross coupling reaction. Their solubility are improved greatly. They can be dissolved not only in aprotic solvents such as DMSO, DMAc, NMP and DMF, but also in other common organic solvents such as chloroform at room temperature, while they still exhibit excellent thermo stability.

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