Chinese Journal of Chemistry

Cover image for Chinese Journal of Chemistry

July, 2009

Volume 27, Issue 7

Pages 1215–1437

  1. Full Papers

    1. Top of page
    2. Full Papers
    3. Note
    4. Addition and Correction
    1. Construction of the Active Site of Metalloenzyme on Au NC Micelles (pages 1215–1220)

      Zhiming ZHANG, Qiuan FU, Xin HUANG, Jiayun XU, Junqiu LIU and Jiacong SHEN

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990203

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      Water-soluble gold nanocrystal micelles with inserted catalytic Zn(II) centers that act as excellent nanoenzyme models for imitating ribonuclease were constructed by supramolecular self-assembly.

    2. Highly Efficient Conjugate Addition of Amines to Electron Deficient Alkenes Catalyzed by KF Supported on Metal Oxides (pages 1221–1224)

      Xuezheng LIANG, Jing ZHANG, Shaohua BAO and Jianguo YANG

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990204

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      A novel efficient procedure has been developed for the conjugate addition of amines to electron deficient alkenes. Operational simplicity, no need of any solvent, low cost of the catalyst used, high yields, reusability, excellent chemoselectivity and wide applicability are the key features of this methodology.

    3. Low-tmperature Heat Capacities and Standard Molar Enthalpy of Formation of 4-Nitrobenzyl Alcohol (pages 1225–1231)

      Qingfen MENG, Zhicheng TAN, Xiaohuan WANG, Yaping DONG, Wu LI and Quan SHI

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990205

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      Low-temperature heat capacities of 4-nitrobenzyl alcohol have been measured by a high precision automated adiabatic calorimeter over the temperature range from 78 to 396 K. A melting phase transition was observed and the melting point, the molar enthalpy, entropy of fusion were determined to be (336.426±0.088) K, (20.97±0.13) kJ·mol−1 and (57.24±0.36) J· K−1·mol−1, respectively. Through oxygen-bomb combustion calorimetry, the standard molar enthalpy of formation of the compound has been derived, ΔfHm0 (C7H7NO3, s) =− (206.49±2.52) kJ·mol−1.

    4. Reduction Kinetics of Thionine in Aerobic Condition with D-Galactose (pages 1232–1236)

      Khalid AHMED, Fahim UDDIN and Rafia AZMAT

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990206

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      Reduction of thionine with D-galactose in alkaline medium results in shifts in wavelength and rate of reaction followed first order kinetics.

    5. Thermodynamic Study on Complex of Terbium with Glycine Tb(Gly)2Cl3·3H2O (pages 1244–1248)

      Beiping LIU, Zhicheng TAN, Jingnan ZHANG, Xuechuan LÜ, Dashun ZHANG and Zhengan CHEN

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990208

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      A terbium complex with glycine Tb(Gly)2Cl3·3H2O was synthesized and its heat capacity was determined with a high-precision automated adiabatic calorimeter over the temperature range from 81 to 378 K. From 170 to 247 K, two solid-solid phase transitions occurred at 186.054 and 244.063 K, respectively. By an isoperibol solution- reaction calorimeter, the standard molar enthalpy of formation of the complex was determined to be − (3109.5±3.1) kJ·mol−1.

    6. Novel Synthesis of β-FeOOH Nanofluid and Determination of Its Heat Capacity by an Adiabatic Calorimeter (pages 1249–1253)

      Zhaodong NAN, Pingping ZHANG, Aijun YU, Chengzhen WEI, Quan SHI and Zhicheng TAN

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990209

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      A novel and facile method for preparation of stable nanofluid is introduced, in which FeCl3·6H2O and urea were used as reactants without any surfactants. The obtained solid sample was proved to be β-FeOOH by XRD technology and spindle-shaped by TEM technology.

    7. Preparation and Electrical Property of Ba1.03Ce0.8Ho0.2O3−α Solid Electrolyte (pages 1254–1260)

      Maoyuan WANG, Ligan QIU and Yufeng SUN

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990210

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      Ba1.03Ce0.8Ho0.2O3−α solid electrolyte is a single phase perovskite-type orthorhombic system. In 600–1000°C, it is a mixed conductor of oxide ion and electron hole in dry air, a mixed conductor of proton, oxide ion and electronic hole in wet air, and a pure protonic conductor in wet hydrogen. Ionic conduction of Ba1.03Ce0.8Ho0.2O3−α is superior to those of BaCe0.8Ho0.2O3−α and Ba0.97Ce0.8Ho0.2O3−( under the experimental conditions.

    8. Theoretical Study on Reaction of Furan Anion with N2O in Gas Phase (pages 1261–1268)

      Junxi LIANG, Zhiyuan GENG and Yongcheng WANG

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990211

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      The mechanism for the ion-molecule reaction of furan anion with nitrous oxide has been characterized in detail. Based on 6-31+ +G(d,p) basis set, using the QCISD and MP2 levels of theory, the computational results indicate this pathway can be the major pathway.

    9. Theoretical Investigation on the One- and Two-photon Absorption Properties of Porphyrin-thiophene Chromophores (pages 1269–1279)

      Wenchao LI, Jikang FENG, Aimin REN, Xiangbiao ZHANG and Chiachung SUN

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990212

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      Two series of porphyrin-thiophene chromophores were theoretically studied. The density functional theory associated with ZINDO/SDCI methods has been used to calculate the molecular geometries, electronic structures, one-photon and two-photon absorption properties.

    10. Syntheses, Structure, Magnetic Properties and 57Fe M?ssbauer Spectroscopies of Two Iron(II) Complexes: Room-temperature Spin Crossover Behavior Observed in [Fe(dpq)(MePy)2(NCS)2] (pages 1280–1284)

      Jianqing TAO, Yunlan GU, Xinhui ZHOU, Zhiguo GU, Jinglin ZUO and Xiaozeng YOU

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990213

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      Two new spin crossover complexes, [Fe(dpq)(MePy)2(NCS)2] (1) and [Fe(Medpq)(MePy)2(NCS)2] (2), have been synthesized and characterized. Variable-temperature magnetic susceptibilities and M?ssbauer spectroscopies of 1and 2 reveal the occurrence of a gradual spin transition. The transition for 1 spans the 200–450 K temperature range with a T1/2 of 340 K. For 2, the transition in low temperature is incomplete.

    11. Synthesis, Characterization and Biological Activity of an Intramolecular Stacking Zinc(II) Complex (pages 1285–1290)

      Enjun GAO, Lei LIU, Mingchang ZHU and Qiong WU

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990214

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      The synthesis, crystallographic analysis and spectroscopic study of a zinc(II) complex [Zn(bipy)- (pmal)(H2O)]·2H2O (bipy=2,2′-bipyridine, pmal=phenylmalonic acid) were carried out. The complex has been investigated by the methods of X-ray crystallography, elemental analysis and IR spectra. The binding ability of the Zn(II) complex to calf thymus (CT-DNA) was characterized by measuring the effects on the UV spectroscopy and fluorescence spectra of DNA.

    12. Activation Function of Chloroperoxidase in the Presence of Metal Ions at Elevated Temperature from 25 to 55°C (pages 1291–1294)

      Qiang GAO, Yucheng JIANG, Xiaoqin GAO, Mancheng HU, Shuni LI and Quanguo ZHAI

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990215

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      Chloroperoxidase (CPO) could be effectively activated and stabilized by some alkaline-earth metals and transition metals (Ca2+, Mg2+, Co2+ and Ni2+). The metal ions bind to the acid-base catalytic groups Glu183, His105 and Asp106 around the active site of CPO, and activate the enzyme by both an enrichment of substrate concentration and a favorable conformational change of CPO.

    13. Synthesis, Structure, Magnetism and Electrochemical Properties of Linear Pentanuclear Complex: Ni5(µ-dmpzda)4(NCS)2 (pages 1295–1299)

      Caixia YIN, Fangjun HUO, Wenzhen WANG, Rayyat-H ISMAYILOY, Genehsiang LEE, Chenyu YEH, Shieming PENG and Pin YANG

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990216

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      The [Ni5(µ-dmpzda)4(NCS)2] [dmpzda-H2=N,N′-di(4-methylpyrydin-2-yl)-pyrazine-2,6-diamine] complex involves a Ni5 linear chain unit with all of the Ni-Ni-Ni being nearly 180°, terminated by the two axial ligands. This pentanuclear linear metal chain is helically wrapped by four syn-syn-syn-syn type dmpzda ligands. There are two types of Ni–Ni distances existing in the complex.

    14. Synthesis, Characterization and Antimicrobial Activity of Potassium Hydro(benzoyl)(phthalyl)borate and Its Cobalt(II), Nickel(II), and Copper(II) Complexes (pages 1300–1306)

      Guruaribam Shashikumar SHARMA, Rayees Ahmad SHEIKH, Sheikh SHREAZ, Athar Adil HASHMI and Luqman Ahmad KHAN

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990217

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      The potassium salt of a new organoborate ligand, potassium hydro(benzoyl)(phthalyl)-borate and its cobalt(II), nickel(II), and copper(II) complexes were synthesized. All the compounds were screened against four species of bacteria and three species of fungi to check their effectiveness towards these organisms. The metal complexes especially the nickel(II) complex showed better antimicrobial efficiency as compared to the ligand.

    15. Preparation, Characterization and Properties of Ag(I) Coordination Polymer [Ag2(bpp)2(H2O)]·pydc·7H2O (pages 1307–1311)

      Chunyan GUO, Guilin WEN, Yaoyu WANG, Aiyun FU, Elmira Kh LERMONTOVA and Qizhen SHI

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990218

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      One new Ag-containing coordination polymer [Ag2(bpp)2(H2O)]·pydc·7H2O was constructed and characterized. Interestingly, pydc dianions play important roles in the assembly of extended high-dimensional networks in complex 1. Each pydc dianion bridges two (H2O)12 units and two free water molecules to construct 2D hydrogen-bonding sheet of 1.

    16. Synthesis, Crystal Structure and Bioactivities of a Novel Propeller Shaped Manganese Complex with the Ligand N′-Benzylidenesalicylhydrazide (pages 1312–1316)

      Bo LI, Xuzhuo SUN, Gongzhen CHENG and Zhenping JI

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990219

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      A novel propeller shaped hydrazone manganese complex was synthesized and characterized. The structure of the complex was discussed and the antibacterial activity was studied.

    17. Sol-gel Preparation of CNT/ZnO Nanocomposite and Its Photocatalytic Property (pages 1317–1320)

      Xuejing WANG, Shuwen YAO and Xiaobo LI

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990220

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      Using CNT as templete, CNT/ZnO nanocomposite was prepared by a sol-gel method, which is composed of carbon nanotubes coated evenly by ZnO particles, with a diameter of 50–60 nm. The as-prepared CNT/ ZnO nanocomposite had absorption of visible light as well as ultraviolet light. The 60% CNT-added nanocomposite had the highest degradation rate for methyl red under the sunlight irradiation.

    18. Resonance Scattering Spectral Determination of Trace Penicillin G Using Immunonanogold-HAuCl4-NH2OH Catalytic Reaction (pages 1321–1327)

      Guiqing WEN, Yan LI, Aihui LIANG and Zhiliang JIANG

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990221

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      Based on the catalytic effect of the immuonanogold on HAuCl4-NH2OH reaction, resonance scattering effect of the product gold particles and a centrifugation technique, 0.15–225 ng/mL penicillin G can be detected, with detection limit of 0.05 ng/mL.

    19. Improving the Robustness and Stability of Partial Least Squares Regression for Near-infrared Spectral Analysis (pages 1328–1332)

      Xueguang SHAO, Da CHEN, Heng XU, Zhichao LIU and Wensheng CAI

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990222

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      A robust ensemble PLS (RE-PLS) technique based on probability resampling was applied to improve the robustness and stability of partial least squares regression for near-infrared spectral analysis. By the probability resampling technique, samples with zero probability are known as outliers.

    20. Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectra of Dipeptide Derivatives (pages 1333–1338)

      Zaigang LUO, Chengchu ZENG, Daoshan YANG, Yali HUANG, Fang WANG, Hongguang DU and Liming HU

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990223

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      Dipeptide derivatives, as a type of HIV integrase inhibitor, were synthesized, and their fragmentation pathways were investigated by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MSn) in conjunction with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). In order to better understand the fragmentation pathways, the MS2 and MS3 spectra of the title compound were obtained. The main fragmentation pathways occur by the cleavage of the C–CO bonds between N-(benzothiazol-2-yl) aminocarbonyl and methylene, NH–CO bonds between the NH groups and carbonyl groups (CO–NH amido bonds).

    21. Highly Efficient N-Monomethylation of Primary Aryl Amines (pages 1339–1344)

      Yiyuan PENG, Hanliang LIU, Min TANG, Lisheng CAI and Victor PIKE

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990224

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      A highly efficient method for specific synthesis of N-monomethylarylamines is presented. Anilines were treated with acetic anhydride and triethylamine in dry CH2Cl2 to give the corresponding acetamides. Then, N-monomethylation of acetyl aryl amines with methyl iodide and NaH in THF introduced methyl group. Acid hydrolysis of the N-methyl acetanilides in ethylene glycol generated the corresponding N-methyl-N-aryl amines in high yields.

    22. Synthesis and in vitro Study of Novel Methylenebis(phenyl- 1,5-benzothiazepine)s and Methylenebis(benzofuryl-1,5-benzothiazepine)s as Antimicrobial Agents (pages 1345–1352)

      Cherkupally SANJEEVA REDDY, Gurrala PURNACHANDRA REDDY and Adki NAGARAJ

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990225

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      A series of methylenebis(phenyl-1,5-benzothiazepine)s 4 and methylenebis(benzofuryl-1,5-benzothiazepine)s 5 were prepared. All the synthesized compounds were tested for their antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria and fungi. Further, the activity of all the dimeric compounds was compared with that of their monomeric compounds, and it is interesting to note that almost all the dimeric compounds showed enhanced activity than their monomeric compounds.

    23. Sulfamic Acid as a Green and Reusable Catalyst for the Preparation of β-Enaminones (pages 1353–1358)

      Lei WANG, Xiaohua LU, Litao AN and Jianping ZOU

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990226

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    24. Synthesis and Application of Some Azo and Azomethine Dyes Containing Pyrazolone Moiety (pages 1359–1364)

      Hala F. RIZK, Mohamed A. El-BORAI, Gad B. El-HEFNAWY and Hatem F. El-SAYED

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990227

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      3-Amino-1-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-5-one (1) was used as starting material for the synthesis of a number of azo compounds 3a–3c and azomethine derivative 4. The deblocking of 3a3c and 4 gave rise to 5a5c and 6 in which a free amino was revealed. The diazonium salts of 5a5c and 6 were coupled with several phenols to produce a number of bis azo compounds 7a7c and 8a8c with azomethine in position 4 and azoic group in position 3. The prepared dyes were structurally confirmed by elemental analysis, spectral methods and applied to different fibers (wool, polyester and blend of wool/polyester) as disperse dyes and their fastness properties were measured.

    25. Synthesis and Cytotoxicity of Derivatives of Fluorouracil Conjugated with Three-membered Ring (pages 1374–1378)

      Le WANG, Yunxiao ZHANG and Jingchao TAO

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990229

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      A novel series of 3-membered ring fluorouracil conjugates including cyclopropylmethyl fluorouracil and (2,3-epoxypropyl) fluorouracil conjugates were synthesized via selective protection, and their structures were confirmed. Cytotoxicities in vitro of these conjugates were evaluated. Compounds 7, 8, 12 and 13 have shown cytotoxicities against Ec9706 cells in different degrees.

    26. A Concise Synthesis of (±)-Yaequinolone A2 (pages 1379–1381)

      Xinyun LI, Xing HUO, Junpeng LI, Xuegong SHE and Xinfu PAN

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990230

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      A concise total synthesis of (±)-yaequinolone A2 (2), a 2-quinolone based alkaloid, has been accomplished in 6 steps from anthranilic acid with an overall yield of 27.8%. The synthetic strategy involves a highly diastereoselective intramolecular aldol addition of the MOM protected α-hydroxyanilide 7 as the key step.

    27. Synthetic Strategy of o-Hydroxyphenyl(ethynyl)phosphinates (pages 1387–1390)

      Liang XIE, Yi DING, Yong WANG and Yixiang DING

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990232

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    28. Synthesis and Application of Prenyl-Derived Photoaffinity Probes (pages 1391–1396)

      Lingdong LI, Wei TANG and Zongbao ZHAO

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990233

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      Three photoaffinity probes containing an isoprenoid chain and an azide group were synthesized using one-pot coupling reaction as the key step. These probes were demonstrated as labeling agents for isoprenoid chain-interacting proteins from Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    29. Synthesis and Biological Activity of 4,5-Dihydro-1,2,4-triazole-5-thione Schiff Base (pages 1397–1400)

      Xiaohong SUN, Yan BAI, Yuanfa LIU, Bang CHEN, Yingqi JIA and Zhenfang ZENG

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990234

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      4,5-Dihydro-1,2,4-triazole-5-thione Schiff base derivatives were synthesized by 4-amino-4,5-dihydro-3-(phenoxymethyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-5-thione and substituted benzaldehydes. The chemical structures of the Schiff bases have been confirmed by 1H NMR, IR spectra and elemental analysis. The biological activities of all the Schiff base compounds were investigated. The results showed that they exhibited good fungicidal activities.

    30. Synthesis and Properties of Dimesogenic Compounds Containing Cholesterol and 4-(trans-4-n-Alkylcyclohexyl)-benzoic Acid Moieties (pages 1401–1405)

      Haibo YU, Ruibin HOU, Tie CHEN, Bingzhu YIN, Jamil MUHAMMAD and Youngjae JEON

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990235

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      A series of novel dimesogenic compounds containing cholesterol and 4-(trans-4-n-alkylcyclohexyl)benzoic acid moieties were synthesized. The two mesogenic units of these compounds are linked with ???ω????-oxyalkanoyl spacers of varying lengths.

    31. A Convenient Method to Construct Chroman Skeleton: Asymmetric Synthesis of (−)-4′-Hydroxy-7-methoxyflavane (pages 1406–1410)

      Boyan XU, Jijun XUE, Huabing ZHANG and Ying LI

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990236

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      The first enantioselective synthesis of a naturally occurring (−)-4′-hydroxy-7-methoxyflavane was developed by an asymmetric reduction and a microwave-assistant aromatic C–O bond formation to construct the benzopyran skeleton.

    32. A Novel Liposomal Dexamethasone Palmitate Formulation and Anti-inflammatory Effects on Mice (pages 1411–1414)

      Ji LI, Jing YANG, Wenxin WANG, Jichen YU, Jingguo FU and Xiaolai WANG

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990237

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      The dexamethasone palmitate liposomal (DPL) long-circulating and DPL systems were prepared by film-distributed extrusion with phospholipid and cholesterol. The results showed that the DPL long-circulating and DPL had stronger anti-inflammatory effect and higher bioavailability with passive targeting efficacy of liposomes than dexamethasone sodium phosphate injection (DSP).

    33. An Efficient Solvent-free Synthetic Technique of 4,4′-Diaminotriarylmethane Leuco Materials (pages 1415–1419)

      Farnaz JAFARPOUR, Ghasem R. BARDAJEE, Hooshang PIRELAHI, Vahid OROOJPOUR, Hamideh DEHNAMAKI and Sareh RAHMDEL

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990238

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      A new one-pot solvent-free synthesis of 4,4′-diaminotriarylmethanes by the reaction of arylaldehydes with N,N-dimethylaniline catalyzed by ZrOCl2·8H2O has been developed.

    34. A New Route to Biaryl Ketones via Carbonylative Suzuki Coupling Catalyzed by MCM-41-supported Bidentate Phosphine Palladium(0) Complex (pages 1420–1426)

      Guomin ZHENG, Pingping WANG and Mingzhong CAI

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990239

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      A variety of biaryl ketones can be conveniently synthesized in good to high yields via the first heterogeneous carbonylative Suzuki coupling of arylboronic acids with aryl iodides under atmospheric pressure of carbon monoxide in the presence of a catalytic amount of MCM-41-supported bidentate phosphine palladium(0) complex [MCM-41-2P-Pd(0)].

    35. Photoluminescence and Electroluminescence Properties of CdTe Nanoparticles in Conjugated Polymer Hosts (pages 1427–1433)

      Fengqi GUO and Puhui XIE

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990240

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      The photoinduced energy transfer process from conjugated polymer (PPE4+) to CdTe-2 nanocrystals was found both in solutions and in thin films by a fluorescence spectroscopic technique. Films of PPE4+ blended with CdTe-2 nanocrystals were formed by an electrostatic layer-by-layer assembly technique. Light emitting diodes were fabricated using the CdTe-2 as an emitter in PPE4+ host. PPE4+ works as a molecular wire in the energy transfer process from the polymer to the CdTe-2 nanocrystals.

  2. Note

    1. Top of page
    2. Full Papers
    3. Note
    4. Addition and Correction
    1. Regio-specific Microbial Hydroxylation of Phytolaccagenin by Streptomyces griseus ATCC 13273 (pages 1434–1436)

      Liwu QIAN, Jian ZHANG, Jihua LIU and Boyang YU

      Version of Record online: 24 JUL 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990241

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      A uniquely oxidized metabolite, 2β,3β,23,29-tetrahydroxy-olean-12-ene-28,30-dioic acid 30-methyl ester, was obtained through the biotransformation of phytolaccagenin by Streptomyces griseus ATCC 13273, via regio-specific hydroxylation on the C-29 methyl group, and identified unambiguously by mass and 2D-NMR spectra.

  3. Addition and Correction

    1. Top of page
    2. Full Papers
    3. Note
    4. Addition and Correction
    1. You have free access to this content
      Study on the Interaction of Ketoconazole with Human and Bovine Serum Albumins by Fluorescence Spectroscopy (page 1437)

      Qing-Lian GUO, Ran LI, Xin ZHOU and Yi LIU

      Version of Record online: 5 AUG 2009 | DOI: 10.1002/cjoc.200990242

      This article corrects:

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