Measurement of Left Ventricular Mass by Contrast Ventriculography


  • Adnan K. Chhatriwalla MD,

    1. Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine
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  • Christopher M. Kramer MD, FACC,

    1. Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine
    2. Department of Radiology, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, Virginia, USA
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  • Aldo J. Peixoto MD,

    1. Section of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven
    2. Renal Section, VA Connecticut Healthcare System, West Haven, Connecticut
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  • Habib Samady MD, FACC

    Corresponding author
    1. Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, USA
    • Cardiovascular Division Andreas Gruentzig Cardiovascular Center of Emory University Emory University Hospital 1364 Clifton Road NE, Suite F606 Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
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Elevated left ventricular mass (LVM) has been shown to be an important predictor of adverse cardiac events. Calculation of LVM using contrast ventriculography, as described by Rackley, involves measuring left ventricular wall thickness in a single plane, with assumptions made about ventricular geometry.


We hypothesized that a modification of the Rackley method, involving multiple measurements of left ventricular (LV) wall thickness in 2 orthogonal planes, may add value in the determination of LVM in patients with LV remodeling and dysfunction.


The LVM was determined in 24 patients with LV dysfunction who had undergone both cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) and contrast left ventriculography. Right anterior oblique (RAO) and left anterior oblique (LAO) still frames in diastole were used to measure LV length, chamber area, and wall thickness. From these variables, LV volume, myocardial volume, and LVM were calculated. The LVM calculations using an average wall thickness from the LAO and RAO projections were compared with LVM measured by CMRI.


Eighty eight percent of patients had hypertension, 100% had coronary artery disease, and mean left ventricular ejection fraction by contrast left ventriculography was 41 ± 14%. Averaging left ventricular wall thickness from RAO and LAO projections using biplane ventriculography for LVM calculation yielded a strong correlation (r = 0.77, p < 0.01) with LVM calculated from CMR.


In patients with left ventricular dysfunction, biplane left ventricular wall thickness measurements for contrast ventriculography LVM calculations render a strong correlation with LVM calculated by CMRI. Copyright © 2008 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.