Low Serum Sodium as a Poor Prognostic Indicator for Mortality in Congestive Heart Failure Patients
Version of Record online: 22 NOV 2010
Copyright © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 33, Issue 12, pages E13–E17, December 2010
How to Cite
DeWolfe, A., Lopez, B., Arcement, L. M. and Hebert, K. (2010), Low Serum Sodium as a Poor Prognostic Indicator for Mortality in Congestive Heart Failure Patients. Clin Cardiol, 33: E13–E17. doi: 10.1002/clc.20560
- Issue online: 23 DEC 2010
- Version of Record online: 22 NOV 2010
- Manuscript Revised: 29 NOV 2008
- Manuscript Received: 14 AUG 2008
- 1American Heart Association. Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics—2008 Update. Dallas, Texas: American Heart Association; 2008. © 2008, American Heart Association.
- 7Lower serum sodium is associated with increased short-term mortality in hospitalized patients with worsening heart failure: results from the Outcomes of a Prospective Trial of Intravenous Milrinone for Exacerbations of Chronic Heart Failure (OPTIME-CHF) Study. Circulation 2005; 111: 2454–2460., , , et al.
- 12ACC/AHA 2005 guideline update for the diagnosis and management of chronic heart failure in the adult: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines (Writing Committee to Update the 2001 Guidelines for the Evaluation and Management of Heart Failure). American College of Cardiology Website. Available at: http://www.acc.org/clinical/guidelines/failure//index.pdf. J Am Coll Cardiol 2005; 46: e1–82., , , et al.