Predictive Value of Preoperative Electrocardiography for Perioperative Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Noncardiac, Nonvascular Surgery
Article first published online: 6 NOV 2011
© 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Volume 35, Issue 8, pages 494–499, August 2012
How to Cite
Biteker, M., Duman, D. and Tekkeşin, A. İ. (2012), Predictive Value of Preoperative Electrocardiography for Perioperative Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Noncardiac, Nonvascular Surgery. Clin Cardiol, 35: 494–499. doi: 10.1002/clc.21003
- Issue published online: 3 AUG 2012
- Article first published online: 6 NOV 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: 25 SEP 2011
- Manuscript Received: 6 AUG 2011
The utility of routine preoperative electrocardiography (ECG) for assessing perioperative cardiovascular risk in patients undergoing noncardiac, nonvascular surgery (NCNVS) is unclear.
There would be an association between preoperative ECG and perioperative cardiovascular outcomes in patients undergoing NCNVS.
A total of 660 patients undergoing NCNVS were prospectively evaluated. Patients age >18 years who underwent an elective, nonday case, open surgical procedure were enrolled. Troponin I concentrations and 12-lead ECG were evaluated the day before surgery, immediately after surgery, and on the first 5 postoperative days. Preoperative ECG showing atrial fibrillation, left or right bundle branch block, left ventricular hypertrophy, frequent premature ventricular complexes, pacemaker rhythm, Q-wave, ST-segment changes, or sinus tachycardia or bradycardia were classified as abnormal. The patients were followed up during hospitalization and were evaluated for the presence of perioperative cardiovascular events (PCE).
Eighty patients (12.1%) experienced PCE. Patients with abnormal ECG findings had a greater incidence of PCE than those with normal ECG results (16% vs 6.4%; P < 0.001). Mean QTc interval was significantly longer in the patients who had PCE (436.6 ± 31.4 vs 413.3 ± 16.7 ms; P < 0.001). Univariate analysis showed a significant association between preoperative atrial fibrillation, pacemaker rhythm, ST-segment changes, QTc prolongation, and in-hospital PCE. However, only QTc prolongation (odds ratio: 1.15, 95% confidence interval: 1.06-1.2, P < 0.001) was an independent predictor of PCE according to the multivariate analysis. Every 10-ms increase in QTc interval was related to a 13% increase for PCE.
Prolongation of the QTc interval on the preoperative ECG was related with PCE in patients undergoing NCNVS. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
The authors have no funding, financial relationships, or conflicts of interest to disclose.