This prospective study investigated the association between preprocedural biomarker levels and incident major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in complex patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with sirolimus-eluting stenting.
Lipoprotein(a) (Lp[a]), interleukin-10 (IL-10), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) have long-term prognostic value in patients undergoing PCI.
Between April 2002 and February 2003, 161 patients were included in the study. Blood was drawn before the procedure, and biomarkers were measured. Patients were followed-up for MACE (death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and repeat revascularization). Cox proportional hazard models were used to determine risk of MACE for tertiles of biomarkers. Both 1-year and long-term follow-up (median, 6 years; maximum, 8 years) were evaluated.
Mean age was 59 years, and 68% were men. During long-term follow-up, 72 MACE occurred (overall crude cumulative incidence: 45% [95% confidence interval (CI): 37%-52%]). Lp(a) was associated with a higher 1-year risk of MACE, with an adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of 3.1 (95% CI: 1.1-8.6) for the highest vs the lowest tertile. This association weakened and lost significance with long-term follow-up. IL-10 showed a tendency toward an association with MACE. The 1-year HR was 2.1 (95% CI: 0.92-5.0). Long-term follow-up rendered a similar result. The association of CRP with MACE did not reach statistical significance at 1-year follow-up. However, CRP was associated with long-term risk of MACE, with an HR of 1.9 (95% CI: 1.0-3.5).
In this prospective study, preprocedural Lp(a) level was associated with short-term prognosis after PCI. The preprocedural CRP level was associated with long-term prognosis after PCI. Clin. Cardiol. 2012 DOI: 10.1002/clc.21988
The authors have no funding, financial relationships, or conflicts of interest to disclose.