Echocardiographic Serial Changes of Hypertensive Cardiomyopathy With Severely Reduced Ejection Fraction: Comparison With Idiopathic Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Authors


Abstract

Background:

Hypertensive cardiomyopathy with reduced ejection fraction (HTCMREF) is known as an important cause of reversible cardiomyopathy, but its serial changes on echocardiography is yet to be elucidated.

Hypothesis:

HTCMREF on serial echocardiography has distinctive points as compared to idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (idDCM).

Methods:

We retrospectively studied 18 hypertensive patients (mean age, 63 ± 13 years, 56% women) admitted with severe left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction and heart failure. We compared clinical characteristics and echocardiographic parameters at admission and follow-up between the patients with HTCMREF and 18 age-matched patients with idDCM. Left ventricular mass (LVM) and left atrial volume (LAV) were calculated by a formula using echocardiographic measurement.

Results:

In HTCMREF, left ventricular ejection fraction improved to 52.3 ± 8.8% during a mean follow-up of 574 days. In HTCMREF, initial left atrial diameter was greater than in idDCM (43.6 ± 5.8 mm vs 38.9 ± 6.3, p = 0.027). At follow-up, LAV index decreased in HTCMREF (from 31.9 ± 8.3 mL/m2 to 21.0 ± 8.9, P < 0.001), as opposed to a significant increase in idDCM (from 28.5 ± 10.9 mL/m2 to 31.9 ± 8.3, P < 0.001). There was no significant difference in initial LVM index between the 2 groups, but only in HTCMREF did LVM index decrease significantly (151.4 ± 42.1 g/m2 from 192.2 ± 43.7, P < 0.01) at follow-up. In HTCMREF, LV wall on M-mode was thicker than in idDCM.

Conclusions:

Hypertensive cardiomyopathy with severe LV systolic dysfunction might be characterized by eccentric left ventricular hypertrophy and enlarged left atrium in comparison with idDCM. Clin. Cardiol. 2012 doi: 10.1002/clc.22012

The authors have no funding, financial relationships, or conflicts of interest to disclose.

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