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Abstract

Background:

The relationship between long-term glucose control (measured by glycosylated hemoglobin [HgbA1C]) and myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) abnormalities in symptomatic diabetic patients has not been studied.

Hypothesis:

We hypothesized that diabetic patients with poorly controlled HgbA1C would have more abnormal MPI compared to both patients without diabetes and diabetic patients with tighter glycemic control.

Methods:

This was a retrospective evaluation of 1037 consecutive patients referred for MPI. All patients completed a 1-day MPI protocol. The electronic medical records were accessed for demographics and relevant medical history.

Results:

Diabetic patients had a higher risk of abnormal MPI (including ischemia, infarction, and mixed ischemia/infarction) compared to nondiabetic patients (relative risk [RR] = 1.77). The populations with suboptimal (HgbA1C ≥7%) and poor (HgbA1C ≥8%) glycemic control had significantly higher risk of abnormal MPI (RR = 1.78 and 2.17, respectively) compared to nondiabetic patients. Coronary angiography supported the MPI results; 66% of diabetic patients had coronary artery disease (CAD), which was higher than the 53% of patients without diabetes found to have CAD.

Conclusions:

The importance of strict glycemic control to reduce cardiovascular complications in diabetic patients is well known. Our study shows a significantly higher risk of abnormal MPI and CAD in diabetic patients with suboptimal and poor long-term glycemic control, further emphasizing the need for aggressive risk factor modification to minimize vascular complications from DM. Clin. Cardiol. 2012 doi: 10.1002/clc.22028

The authors have no funding, financial relationships, or conflicts of interest to disclose.