• 1.
    Go AS, Hylek EM, Phillips KA, et al. Prevalence of diagnosed atrial fibrillation in adults: national implications for rhythm management and stroke prevention: the Anticoagulation and Risk Factors in Atrial Fibrillation (ATRIA) Study. JAMA. 2001;285:23702375.
  • 2.
    Dorian P, Jung W, Newman D, et al. The impairment of health-related quality of life in patients with intermittent atrial fibrillation: implications for the assessment of investigational therapy. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2000;36:13031309.
  • 3.
    Thrall G, Lip GY, Carroll D, et al. Depression, anxiety, and quality of life in patients with atrial fibrillation. Chest. 2007;132:12591264.
  • 4.
    Gehi AK, Sears S, Goli N, et al. Psychopathology and symptoms of atrial fibrillation: implications for therapy. J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2012;23:473478.
  • 5.
    Wilber DJ, Pappone C, Neuzil P, et al. Comparison of antiarrhythmic drug therapy and radiofrequency catheter ablation in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2010;303:333340.
  • 6.
    Dorian P, Paquette M, Newman D, et al. Quality of life improves with treatment in the Canadian Trial of Atrial Fibrillation. Am Heart J. 2002;143:984990.
  • 7.
    Sang C, Jiang C, Dong J, et al. A new method to evaluate linear block at the left atrial roof: is it reliable without pacing? J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2010;21:741746.
  • 8.
    Dong J, Liu X, Long D, et al. Single-catheter technique for pulmonary vein antrum isolation: is it sufficient to identify and close the residual gaps without a circular mapping catheter? J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol. 2009;20:273279.
  • 9.
    Fuster V, Rydén LE, Cannom DS, et al. 2011 ACCF/AHA/HRS Focused Updates Incorporated Into the ACC/AHA/ESC 2006 Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2011;123:e269e367.
  • 10.
    Zung WW. A self-rating depression scale. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1965;12:6370.
  • 11.
    Zung WW. A rating instrument for anxiety disorders. Psychosomatics. 1971;12:371379.
  • 12.
    Liu XC, Oda S, Peng X, et al. Life events and anxiety in Chinese medical students. Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol. 1997;32:6367.
  • 13.
    Fang Y, Yuan C, Xu Y, et al. Comparisons of the efficacy and tolerability of extended-release venlafaxine, mirtazapine, and paroxetine in treatment-resistant depression: a double-blind, randomized pilot study in a Chinese population. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2010;30:357364.
  • 14.
    McHorney CA Jr, Ware JE, Raczek AE. The MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36): II. Psychometric and clinical tests of validity in measuring physical and mental health constructs. Med Care. 1993;31:247263.
  • 15.
    Wang R, Wu C, Zhao Y, et al. Health related quality of life measured by SF-36: a population-based study in Shanghai, China. BMC Public Health. 2008;8:292.
  • 16.
    Li L, Wang HM, Shen Y. Chinese SF-36 Health Survey: translation, cultural adaptation, validation, and normalisation. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2003;57:259263.
  • 17.
    Lam CL, Tse EY, Gandek B, et al. The SF-36 summary scales were valid, reliable, and equivalent in a Chinese population. J Clin Epidemiol. 2005;58:815822.
  • 18.
    Huffman JC, Smith FA, Blais MA, et al. Recognition and treatment of depression and anxiety in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol. 2006;98:319324.
  • 19.
    Shen BJ, Avivi YE, Todaro JF, et al. Anxiety characteristics independently and prospectively predict myocardial infarction in men the unique contribution of anxiety among psychologic factors. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008;51:113119.
  • 20.
    Vaccarino V, Johnson BD, Sheps DS, et al. Depression, inflammation, and incident cardiovascular disease in women with suspected coronary ischemia: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute–sponsored WISE study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2007;50:20442050.
  • 21.
    Jiang W, Kuchibhatla M, Cuffe MS, et al. Prognostic value of anxiety and depression in patients with chronic heart failure. Circulation. 2004;110:34523456.
  • 22.
    Rutledge T, Reis VA, Linke SE, et al. Depression in heart failure a meta-analytic review of prevalence, intervention effects, and associations with clinical outcomes. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006;48:15271537.
  • 23.
    Lane DA, Langman CM, Lip GY, et al. Illness perceptions, affective response, and health-related quality of life in patients with atrial fibrillation. J Psychosom Res. 2009;66:203210.
  • 24.
    Guédon-Moreau L, Capucci A, Denjoy I, et al. Impact of the control of symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation on health-related quality of life. Europace. 2010;12:634642.
  • 25.
    Pappone C, Rosanio S, Augello G, et al. Mortality, morbidity, and quality of life after circumferential pulmonary vein ablation for atrial fibrillation: outcomes from a controlled nonrandomized long-term study. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2003;42:185197.
  • 26.
    Pürerfellner H, Martinek M, Aichinger J, et al. Quality of life restored to normal in patients with atrial fibrillation after pulmonary vein ostial isolation. Am Heart J. 2004;148:318325.
  • 27.
    Themistoclakis S, Corrado A, Marchlinski FE, et al. The risk of thromboembolism and need for oral anticoagulation after successful atrial fibrillation ablation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010;55: 735743.
  • 28.
    Oral H, Chugh A, Ozaydin M, et al. Risk of thromboembolic events after percutaneous left atrial radiofrequency ablation of atrial fibrillation. Circulation. 2006;114:759765.
  • 29.
    Nademanee K, Schwab MC, Kosar EM, et al. Clinical outcomes of catheter substrate ablation for high-risk patients with atrial fibrillation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2008;51:843849.
  • 30.
    Hussein AA, Saliba WI, Martin DO, et al. Natural History and long-term outcomes of ablated atrial fibrillation. Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2011;4:271278.
  • 31.
    Wokhlu A, Monahan KH, Hodge DO, et al. Long-term quality of life after ablation of atrial fibrillation the impact of recurrence, symptom relief, and placebo effect. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2010;55:23082316.