• 1
    Braunwald E: Mitral regurgitation: Physiologic, clinical and surgical considerations. N Engl J Med 1969; 281: 425433
  • 2
    Borow KM, Green LH, Mann T, Sloss LJ, Braunwald E, Collins JJ, Cohn L, Grossman W: End-systolic volume as a predictor of postoperative left ventricular performance in volume overload from valvular regurgitation. Am J Med 1980; 68: 655663
  • 3
    Braunwald E: Valvular heart disease. In Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 5th ed. (Ed. BraunwaldE). p. 10071077. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1997
  • 4
    Phillips HR, Levine FH, Carter JE, Boucher CA, Orbakken MD, Okada RD, Akins LW, Daggett WM, Buckley MJ, Pohost GM: Mitral valve replacement for isolated mitral regurgitation: Analysis of clinical course and late postoperative left ventricular ejection fraction. Am J Cardiol 1981; 48: 647654
  • 5
    Lamas GA, Vaughan DE, Parisi AF, Pfeffer MA: Effects of left ventricular shape and captopril therapy on exercise capacity after anterior wall acute myocardial infarction. Am J Cardiol 1989; 63: 11671172
  • 6
    Douglas PS, Morrow R, Ioli A, Reichek N: Left ventricular shape, afterload and survival in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. J Am Coll Cardiol 1989; 13: 311315
  • 7
    Tischler MD, Niggel J, Borowski DT, Lewinter MM: Relation between left ventricular shape and exercise capacity in patients with left ventricular dysfunction. J Am Coll Cardiol 1993; 22: 751757
  • 8
    Vokonas PS, Gorlin R, Cohn PR Herman MV, Sonnenblick EH: Dynamic geometry of the left ventricle in mitral regurgitation. Circulation 1973; 48: 786795
  • 9
    Gould KL, Lipscomb K, Hamilton GW, Kennedy JW: Relation of left ventricular shape, function and wall stress in man. Am J Cardiol 1974; 34: 627634
  • 10
    Lamas GA, Mitchell G, Flaker GC, Smith SC, Gersh BJ, Basta L, Moyd L, Braunwald E, Pfeffer MS: The clinical significance of mitral regurgitation following acute myocardial infarction. Circulation 1997; 96: 827833
  • 11
    Kono T, Sabbah HN, Rosman H, Alam M, Jafri S, Goldstein S: Left ventricular shape is the primary determinant of functional mitral regurgitation in heart failure. J Am Coll Cardiol 1992; 20: 15941598
  • 12
    Wynne J, Green L, Mann T, Levin D, Groosman W: Estimation of left ventricular volumes in man from biplane cineangiograms filmed in oblique projections. Am J Cardiol 1978; 41: 726732
  • 13
    Sellers RD, Levy MJ, Amplatz K, Lillehei LW: Left retrograde cardioangiography in acquired cardiac disease: Technique, indications and interpretations in 700 cases. Am J Cardiol 1964; 14: 437441
  • 14
    Grossman W: Profiles in valvular heart disease. In Cardiac Catheterization, Angiography and Intervention, 4th ed. (Eds. GrossmanW, BairnDS), p. 557581. Philadelphia: Lea &; Febiger, 1991
  • 15
    Sabbah HN, Rosman H, Kono T, Alam M, Khaja F, Goldstein S: On the mechanism of functional mitral regurgitation. Am J Cardiol 1993; 72: 10741076
  • 16
    Kono T, Sabbah HN, Stein PD, Brymer JF, Khaja F: Left ventricular shape as a determinant of functional mitral regurgitation in patients with severe heart failure secondary to either coronary artery disease or idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Am J Cardiol 1991; 68: 355359
  • 17
    Ferrazi P, McGiffin DC, Kirklin JW, Blackstone EH, Bourge RC: Have the results of mitral valve replacement improved? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1986; 92: 187191
  • 18
    Hicker MS, Smith LR, Muhlbaier LH, Harrell FE, Reves JG, Hinohara T, Califf RM, Pryor DB, Rankin S: Current prognosis of ischemic mitral regurgitation. Implications for future management. Circulation 1988; 78 (suppl I):I:51–I:59
  • 19
    Borow KM, Lang RM, Neumann A, Carroll JD, Rajfer SI: Physiologic mechanism governing hemodynamic response to positive inotropic therapy in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. Circulation 1988; 77: 625637
  • 20
    Kass DA, Traill TA, Keating M, Altieri PI, Maughan WL: Abnormalities of dynamic ventricular shape change in patients with aortic and mitral valvular regurgitation: Assessment by Fourier shape analysis and global geometric indexes. Circ Res 1988; 62: 127138
  • 21
    Lamas GA, Mitchell GF, Flaker GC, Smith SC, Gersh BJ, Geltman EM, Braunwald E, Pfeffer MA: The predictive value of LV systolic sphericity index: A magnification independent assessment of LV shape (abstr). J Am Coll Cardiol 1996; 27: 223A
  • 22
    Ren JF, Aksut S, Lighty GW, Vigilante GJ, Sink JD, Segal BL, Hargrove WC: Mitral valve repair is superior to valve replacement for the early preservation of cardiac function: Relation of ventricular geometry to function. Am Heart J 1996; 131: 974981