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Keywords:

  • Imidazolium based ionic liquid;
  • Kinetics;
  • Support IL;
  • Thermodynamics;
  • Wastewater treatment

Abstract

Due to the unique chemical properties and therefore wide range of applications, significant amounts of reactive dyes often end up in waste waters and this issue raises the need for more efficient treatment technologies. This work investigates the ability of magnetite nanoparticles functionalized with imidazolium based ionic liquid (IL) as an efficient sorbent for the removal of the Reactive black 5 from wastewater. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, thermo-gravimetric analysis, and zeta potential measurement were used to characterize the synthesized nanosorbent. The results showed that under optimal conditions, the dye removal efficiency of the grafted IL is 98.5% after a single run. Regeneration of the used sorbent could be possible and the modified magnetic nanoparticles exhibited good reusability. The isothermal data of RB5 sorption conformed well to the Langmuir model and the maximum sorption capacity of IL@Fe3O4 for RB5 was 161.29 mg g−1. Thermodynamic study indicated that the adsorption is endothermic and spontaneous. The use of such a system can provide fast and efficient removal of the reactive dyes from wastewater by using an external magnetic field.