CLEAN – Soil, Air, Water

Cover image for CLEAN – Soil, Air, Water

November 2011

Volume 39, Issue 11

Pages 925–1022

  1. Research Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Research Articles
    3. Research Article
    4. Research Articles
    5. Research Article
    6. Research Articles
    7. Book Review
    8. BiotecVisions
    1. Responses of Different Chinese Flowering Cabbage (Brassica parachinensis L.) Cultivars to Cadmium and Lead Exposure: Screening for Cd + Pb Pollution-Safe Cultivars (pages 925–932)

      Qiu Qiu, Yutao Wang, Zhongyi Yang, Junliang Xin, Jiangang Yuan, Jianbing Wang and Guorong Xin

      Article first published online: 14 OCT 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000275

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      Two pot experiments, Cd-exposure and Cd + Pb joint exposure, were carried out. One goal of this work was to identify potential Cd + Pb pollution-safe cultivars from selected ones.

    2. Assessment of the Intake and the Pretreatment Design in Existing Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) Plants by Hasse Diagram Technique (HDT) (pages 933–940)

      Amos Bick, Rainer Bruggemann and Gideon Oron

      Article first published online: 18 OCT 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000413

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      The comparative evaluation of 19 seawater plants has been done by Hasse diagram technique (HDT) using PyHasse software. According to the results, both mathematical methods, the Hasse diagram in combination with the C–K–Y–L procedure could be effective tools to support decisions relating to design strategies.

  2. Research Article

    1. Top of page
    2. Research Articles
    3. Research Article
    4. Research Articles
    5. Research Article
    6. Research Articles
    7. Book Review
    8. BiotecVisions
    1. Particle Shapes in the Drinking Water Filtration Process (pages 941–946)

      Michał Zielina

      Article first published online: 14 OCT 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000432

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      Detailed information about shape and particle size distribution in flocculated and filtered water based on flow particle image analysis is provided here. The high numbers of particles characterized by circularity <0.8 inflowing to the filter indicate the necessity of taking these parameters into account in mathematical models.

  3. Research Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Research Articles
    3. Research Article
    4. Research Articles
    5. Research Article
    6. Research Articles
    7. Book Review
    8. BiotecVisions
    1. Chemical Characterization of Carbonated Natural Mineral Waters Produced in Turkey: Compliance with European Water Quality Standards (pages 947–955)

      Cüneyt Güler and Musa Alpaslan

      Article first published online: 18 OCT 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000411

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      Carbonated natural mineral waters produced in Turkey were analyzed for several water quality constituents and the analytical results were compared to the EU norms as well as to values in the literature. All in all Turkish carbonated natural mineral waters generally contained higher elemental concentrations.

    2. Soil Budget, Net Export, and Potential Sinks of Nitrogen in the Lower Oglio River Watershed (Northern Italy) (pages 956–965)

      Elisa Soana, Erica Racchetti, Alex Laini, Marco Bartoli and Pierluigi Viaroli

      Article first published online: 5 OCT 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000454

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      The novelty in the proposed approach consists in the evaluation of multiple N sources and sinks in over 200 single municipalities aggregated then on the watershed level. The present study demonstrates, via the soil system budget approach, that in the lower Oglio River (northern Italy) basin N inputs to arable lands largely exceed N requirements by crops.

    3. Modeling and Validating Long-Term Dynamics of Diel Dissolved Oxygen with Particular Reference to pH in a Temperate Shallow Lake (Turkey) (pages 966–971)

      Nusret Karakaya, Fatih Evrendilek and Kerem Güngör

      Article first published online: 14 OCT 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100051

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      Best-fit multiple non-linear regression (MNLR) models of diel DO time series were built and validated on a monthly basis. Diel DO dynamics can be used to quantify amount and rates of biological production and respiration in the surface water of lakes. The strong relationship between diel DO and pH appeared to be related to the patterns of ecosystem productivity and respiration.

    4. Removal of Organochlorine Pesticides from Aqueous Solution by Using Neutralized Red Mud (pages 972–979)

      Senar Ozcan, Ali Tor and Mehmet Emin Aydin

      Article first published online: 18 OCT 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000596

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      It could be shown that neutralized red mud is a potential low cost adsorbent for the removal of OCPs from water. The kinetic study showed that the pseudo second-order kinetic model was found to be well suited for the adsorption process which was mainly controlled by the film diffusion mechanism.

  4. Research Article

    1. Top of page
    2. Research Articles
    3. Research Article
    4. Research Articles
    5. Research Article
    6. Research Articles
    7. Book Review
    8. BiotecVisions
    1. Development of Polymeric and Polymer-Based Hybrid Adsorbents for Chromium Removal from Aqueous Solution (pages 980–988)

      Ismet Gul Buyruklardan Kaya, Dilek Duranoglu, Ulker Beker and Bahire Filiz Senkal

      Article first published online: 5 OCT 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000552

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      The main goal was the assessment of the performance of polymer supported magnetic nanoparticle like GMD and GMDFe adsorbents to remove the Cr(VI) ions from aqueous solution. The results show that GMD samples have high sorption capacity and can be used as efficient adsorbents in a wide pH range.

  5. Research Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Research Articles
    3. Research Article
    4. Research Articles
    5. Research Article
    6. Research Articles
    7. Book Review
    8. BiotecVisions
    1. Toxicological Effects Induced by Cadmium in Gills of Manila Clam Ruditapes philippinarum Using NMR-Based Metabolomics (pages 989–995)

      Linbao Zhang, Xiaoli Liu, Liping You, Di Zhou, Junbao Yu, Jianmin Zhao, Jianghua Feng and Huifeng Wu

      Article first published online: 18 OCT 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100208

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      Toxicological effects in the gill tissues of Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum caused by Cd were characterized and included the disturbances in energy metabolisms and osmotic regulations and potential neurotoxicity based on corresponding metabolic biomarkers as, e.g., succinate, aspartate, betaine, etc.

    2. Pickling Waste as an Inexpensive Iron Source for Fenton Oxidation of Synthetic Dye Bath Waste (pages 996–1000)

      Seema Shrivastava and Sumita Neti Rao

      Article first published online: 30 SEP 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100104

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      The feasibility of the Fenton oxidation process mediated by Fe2+ present in pickling waste for the de-colorization and degradation of RB4 and RO16 in simulated dye bath wastewater could be demonstrated. Therefore, pickling liquor may emerge as a low cost alternative to expensive FeSO4 in Fenton oxidation.

    3. Adsorption of Brilliant Green from Aqueous Solutions onto Crosslinked Chitosan Graft Copolymers (pages 1001–1006)

      Bengi Özkahraman, Ayça Bal, Işıl Acar and Gamze Güçlü

      Article first published online: 18 OCT 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000337

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      The preparation of crosslinked chitosan beads grafted with IA or CA and their potential use as an adsorbent for removal of cationic dye (brilliant green) from aqueous solutions was studied. The results propose that the adsorption process might be chemical adsorption and seems to follow Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms with better fitting of Langmuir isotherm with experimental data.

    4. Modification of MCM-41 with Anionic Surfactant: A Convenient Design for Efficient Removal of Cationic Dyes from Wastewater (pages 1007–1013)

      Mohammad Ali Zanjanchi, Hassan Sajjadi, Majid Arvand, Ali Mohammad-Khah and Bahram Ghalami-Choobar

      Article first published online: 14 OCT 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000350

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      The modification of the zeolite MCM-41 with sodium dodecyl sulfate and the adsorption properties of this new material are described. It could be shown that the modification of MCM-41 will lead to the formation of admicelles capable of adsorbing methylene blue as cationic species.

    5. Determination of the Effect of Aeration Rate on Composting of Vegetable–Fruit Wastes (pages 1014–1021)

      E. Işıl Arslan, Ayhan Ünlü and Murat Topal

      Article first published online: 30 SEP 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000537

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      The present study showed that aeration rates are efficient on composting of vegetable–fruit wastes. In addition, taking into account the C/N ratio, the indicator of stabilization in composting, the results show an optimum aeration rate for forced aerobic composting of VFW of 0.62 L/min kg VS.

  6. Book Review

    1. Top of page
    2. Research Articles
    3. Research Article
    4. Research Articles
    5. Research Article
    6. Research Articles
    7. Book Review
    8. BiotecVisions
  7. BiotecVisions

    1. Top of page
    2. Research Articles
    3. Research Article
    4. Research Articles
    5. Research Article
    6. Research Articles
    7. Book Review
    8. BiotecVisions
    1. BiotecVisions 2011, November (pages A1-A8)

      Article first published online: 4 NOV 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201190009

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