CLEAN – Soil, Air, Water

Cover image for CLEAN – Soil, Air, Water

April, 2011

Volume 39, Issue 4

Pages 319–413

  1. Research Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Research Articles
    3. Short Communication
    4. Research Articles
    5. Erratum
    1. Atmospheric Concentrations and Phase Partitioning of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Izmir, Turkey (pages 319–327)

      Eylem Demircioglu, Aysun Sofuoglu and Mustafa Odabasi

      Version of Record online: 31 MAR 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000221

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      Ambient air polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) samples were collected at a suburban and at an urban site in Izmir, Turkey. The multiple linear regression analysis indicated that the meteorological parameters were effective on the measured ambient PAH concentrations. The results indicated that traffic emissions were the dominant PAH sources at both sites for summer and winter seasons.

    2. Scale-Dependent Variability of As and Heavy Metals in a River Elbe Floodplain (pages 328–337)

      Dana Zimmer, Kristian Kiersch, Christel Baum, Ralph Meissner, Robert Müller, Gerald Jandl and Peter Leinweber

      Version of Record online: 7 MAR 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000295

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      The River Elbe has been one of the worst polluted major rivers of Europe. For designing a successful remediation strategy of the floodplain soils the spatial variation in total concentrations and bioavailability of pollutants must be known, and the remediation efficiency should be monitored. The obtained data present the “status quo” which is a baseline for evaluating the medium-term effects of the phytoremediation with fast-growing willows established in the flood channel.

    3. Plant Species Mediate Rhizosphere Microbial Activity and Biodegradation Dynamics in a Riparian Soil Treated with Bensulfuron-methyl (pages 338–344)

      Changming Yang, Yulai Wang and Jianhua Li

      Version of Record online: 16 MAR 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000189

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      The findings of this paper will provide a theoretical basis for the ecological control of non-point source pollution like pesticides in agricultural watershed. Based on the results from the pot experiment, it can be concluded that BSM inhibits microbial activities in rhizosphere soils planted with the three riparian plants, especially, bacteria and fungi were inhibited.

    4. Studies on Quantity and Intensity of Potassium in Some Taiwan Farmland Soils (pages 345–350)

      Yong-Hong Lin

      Version of Record online: 11 MAR 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000183

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      The potassium quantity–intensity relationships has been suggested to describe the K availability in soils, taking into account the competition between K ions and Ca and Mg ions for exchange sites on the soil exchange complex. Here, the studied Q/I plot of the soils showed that the parameters can be used to evaluate the supply state of K.

    5. Using Chlorine Dioxide to Remove the Fouling of Ultrafiltration Membrane and Control Disinfection By-Products (pages 351–355)

      Shu-Hai You and Chia-Yu Tsai

      Version of Record online: 7 MAR 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.200900294

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Ultrafiltration is a common method in humic acid removal. Chlorine dioxide is a disinfectant that forms fewer disinfection by-products with natural organic matter. Here, the combination of ClO2 with UF was tested. With a dose of 2mg/L ClO2, ultrafiltration removed humic acid effectively, and in addition, the concentrations of ClOmath image, ClOmath image, and trihalomethanes in the permeate were below the USEPA guidelines.

  2. Short Communication

    1. Top of page
    2. Research Articles
    3. Short Communication
    4. Research Articles
    5. Erratum
    1. Pesticide Pollution in Surface- and Groundwater by Paddy Rice Cultivation: A Case Study from Northern Vietnam (pages 356–361)

      Marc Lamers, Maria Anyusheva, Nguyen La, Van Vien Nguyen and Thilo Streck

      Version of Record online: 11 MAR 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000268

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      The results of this paper strongly indicate that, under the current management practice, pesticide use in paddy fields poses a serious environmental problem in mountainous regions of northern Vietnam. In the groundwater collected from eight different places, all four commonly applied pesticides (imidacloprid, fenitrothion, fenobucarb, dichlorvos) from paddy rice farming systems were frequently detected.

      Corrected by:

      Erratum: Pesticide Pollution in Surface- and Groundwater by Paddy Rice Cultivation: A Case Study from Northern Vietnam

      Vol. 39, Issue 5, 508, Version of Record online: 24 MAY 2011

  3. Research Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Research Articles
    3. Short Communication
    4. Research Articles
    5. Erratum
    1. Determination of Partition Coefficients of Metals in Natural Tropical Water (pages 362–367)

      Sonia Regina Giancoli Barreto, Wagner José Barreto and Elisangela Manjurma Deduch

      Version of Record online: 24 MAR 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000271

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      This study aimed to determine the availability of particle-reactive elements Fe and Pb and nutrient-type elements Ca, Cd, Cr, Cu, Mg, Mn, Ni, and Zn in a tropical aquatic environment by determining the partition coefficients in comparison to those found in non-tropical environments.

    2. Background Concentrations of Nickel in the Sediments of the Carpathian Dam Reservoirs (Southern Poland) (pages 368–375)

      Ewa Szarek-Gwiazda, Anna Czaplicka-Kotas and Ewa Szalińska

      Version of Record online: 24 MAR 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000114

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Elevated Ni concentrations in the sediments of both reservoirs are mainly influenced by the geological background. Significant roles in Ni accumulation play mineral phases (Fe, Mn, and Al compounds) and to a lesser degree organic matter and silty and clay fractions. A high portion of Ni was bound to stable geochemical phases, suggesting limited potential of Ni mobility.

    3. Characterization and Application of Dried Plants to Remove Heavy Metals, Nitrate, and Phosphate Ions from Industrial Wastewaters (pages 376–383)

      Mohamed Chiban, Amina Soudani, Fouad Sinan, Saida Tahrouch and Michel Persin

      Version of Record online: 7 MAR 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000127

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      In this study, dried plants such as Carpobrotus edulis, Launea arborescens, and Withania frutescens were studied as low cost adsorbents for the removal of heavy metals, nitrate, and phosphate ions from industrial wastewaters. For all heavy metal ions, the uptake efficiency of the studied plants, ranged from: C. edulis>W. frutescens>L. arborescens, however, the differences are rather small.

    4. Adsorption of Cadmium from Aqueous Solution by Ficus religiosa Leaf Powder and Characterization of Loaded Biosorbent (pages 384–391)

      Karanam Srinivasa Rao, Shashi Anand and Paladugu Venkateswarlu

      Version of Record online: 7 MAR 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000098

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      FTIR spectra of Ficus religiosa leaf powder before and after cadmium absorption show shifts of various bands to higher wave numbers (3 to 43cm−1).

    5. Adsorption of Pb(II) Ions from Aqueous Solutions by Date Bead Carbon Activated with ZnCl2 (pages 392–399)

      Mohammed Danish, Rokiah Hashim, Mohd Rafatullah, Othman Sulaiman, Anees Ahmad and Govind

      Version of Record online: 31 MAR 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000185

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      The results of this study suggested that the pseudo-second order kinetic model can be used extensively to describe the adsorption of Pb onto ZnCl2 activated date bead carbon over the range of studied parameter, as it has the best correlation coefficient and Chi-squared test for the obtained data.

    6. Regeneration of Rhodamine B Loaded Modified Biosorbent by a Self-Cleaning Eluent: TiO2 Hydrosol (pages 400–405)

      Jun-Xia Yu, Zheng-Yan He, Ya-Feng Qi, Ru-An Chi, Jia Guo and Guang Zhan

      Version of Record online: 24 MAR 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000045

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Pyromellitic dianhydride modified biomass was prepared. Experimental results showed an increase in the adsorption capacity of the modified biosorbent for RhB. TiO2 hydrosol with a pH of 2 as a self-cleaning eluent demonstrated high adsorption capacity even after four desorption/photodegradation cycles.

    7. Biosorption of Dyes by Natural and Activated Vine Stem. Interaction between Biosorbent and Dye (pages 406–412)

      Ebru Mavioglu Ayan, Asli Toptas, Gulsah Kibrislioglu, Esra Evrim Saka Yalcinkaya and Jale Yanik

      Version of Record online: 16 MAR 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000369

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      Natural and modified vine stems were used as low cost adsorbents for the removal of acidic and basic dyes from aqueous solutions. The results showed that the most effective factors in the adsorption of basic dye were surface charge and acidic groups on biosorbents, while non-electrostatic forces as well as electrostatic forces were effective in the adsorption of acidic dye.

  4. Erratum

    1. Top of page
    2. Research Articles
    3. Short Communication
    4. Research Articles
    5. Erratum
    1. Unfortunately, in the article

      You have free access to this content
      Extending Service Life of Household Water Filters by Mixing Metallic Iron with Sand (page 413)

      Chicgoua Noubactep, Sabine Caré, Fulbert Togue-Kamga, Angelika Schöner and Paul Woafo

      Version of Record online: 12 APR 2011 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201190002

      This article corrects:

      Extending Service Life of Household Water Filters by Mixing Metallic Iron with Sand

      Vol. 38, Issue 10, 951–959, Version of Record online: 7 OCT 2010

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