CLEAN – Soil, Air, Water

Cover image for CLEAN – Soil, Air, Water

August 2012

Volume 40, Issue 8

Pages 779–885

  1. Research Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Research Articles
    3. Review
    4. Research Articles
    5. BiotecVisions
    1. Product Evaluation for the Control of Chemical Emissions to Indoor Air – 10 Years of Experience with the AgBB Scheme in Germany (pages 779–789)

      Christine Däumling

      Article first published online: 3 JUL 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201000364

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      This review describes the stepwise implementation of the test procedure in Germany and the experience gained in evaluation of product emissions over the years. A comprehensive overview of the philosophy, history, current practices, and future directions of the German AgBB scheme for VOC emissions is also provided.

    2. Ozone Weekend Effect Analysis in Three European Urban Areas (pages 790–797)

      José Carlos M. Pires

      Article first published online: 3 JUL 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100410

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      The ozone weekend effect (OWE) was analysed in three European urban areas. In all studied areas, the EU limits for human health protection were surpassed few times. The findings helped understanding OWE and showed that the differences of O3 behaviours during the week may be influenced by meteorological variables.

  2. Review

    1. Top of page
    2. Research Articles
    3. Review
    4. Research Articles
    5. BiotecVisions
    1. Designing Iron-Amended Biosand Filters for Decentralized Safe Drinking Water Provision (pages 798–807)

      Chicgoua Noubactep, Emile Temgoua and Mohammad A. Rahman

      Article first published online: 3 JUL 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100620

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      Save drinking water provision using Fe0-amended BSF is already proven as an efficient technology. Using mathematical modelling, the present work presents several tools to optimize the efficiency of conventional BSF by adding a reactive zone containing a layer of Fe0 admixed to a non-expansive material.

  3. Research Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Research Articles
    3. Review
    4. Research Articles
    5. BiotecVisions
    1. Potential Occurrence of MTBE and BTEX in Groundwater Resources of Amman–Zarqa Basin, Jordan (pages 808–816)

      Mustafa Al Kuisi, Ghazi Saffarini, Najal Yaseen and Mahmoud Alawi

      Article first published online: 24 JUL 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100473

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      Potential occurrence of MTBE and BTEX in groundwater resources in Jordan namely in Amman–Zarqa Basin area is studied. Out of 179 analyzed water samples, only 12 showed BTEX and MTBE finding. Its use as a gasoline additive in Jordan started in 2008 and it might be still too early for “considerable” amounts of MTBE to reach groundwater.

    2. Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Different Methods for the Remediation of Contaminated Groundwater by Determining the Petroleum Hydrocarbon Content (pages 817–822)

      Maryna Voyevoda, Wolfgang Geyer, Peter Mosig, Eva M. Seeger and Sibylle Mothes

      Article first published online: 16 JUL 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100332

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      The present investigation demonstrates a different effectiveness of the remediation procedures in contaminated groundwater, a most effective hydrocarbon removal when a planted HSSF gravel filter with 0.1% activated carbon addition was used, and a correlation between the decrease of TPH and the contained BTEX.

    3. Removal of Nitro Aromatic Compounds from 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene Red Water Using 1,2-Ethanediamine Modified Macroporous Polystyrene Microspheres (pages 823–829)

      Qingqiang Meng, Quanlin Zhao, Xu Zhao, Tong Wu and Zhengfang Ye

      Article first published online: 20 JUN 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100654

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      An adsorbent (EDA-PSt) was prepared by aminating large-pore-size polystyrene microspheres. The results show that EDA–PSt is capable of removing NACs from wastewater. It also exhibited the ability to separate neutral, acid and basic NACs from each other since basic NACs were not adsorbed, and neutral and acid NACs were desorbed by methanol and 0.1 mol L−1 NaOH successively.

    4. Recovery of Polyvinyl Alcohol from Desizing Wastewater Using a Novel High-Shear Ultrafiltration Module (pages 830–837)

      Ankur Sarkar, Debasish Sarkar, Madhurima Gupta and Chiranjib Bhattacharjee

      Article first published online: 20 JUN 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100527

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      The operation of this new system could further reduce process water consumption and in that the overall operation would become more economic than the system being used at present.

    5. Reuse of Distillery Wastewater with Designed Dose and Pattern for Sugarcane Irrigation (pages 838–843)

      Jaspal S. Chauhan and Jai Prakash Narayan Rai

      Article first published online: 20 JUN 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100499

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      On the basis of the obtained results land treatment is one of the best methods for removal of pollutants from distillery effluent. From the environmental point of view, disposal of effluent to irrigate crops will minimize the pollution hazards without deteriorating the groundwater quality and prove to be safer and economically viable.

    6. Stability of P Saturated Water Treatment Residuals under Different Levels of Dissolved Oxygen (pages 844–849)

      Changhui Wang, Chengbo Fei and Yuansheng Pei

      Article first published online: 18 MAY 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100663

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      Water treatment residuals are effective phosphorus immobilizers in constructed wetlands (CWs). In CWs, dissolved oxygen levels vary from location to location and fluctuate over time. The results of this study indicate that FARs are a safe P adsorption medium for the CWs.

    7. Investigation of the Possibility of Copper Removal from Industrial Leachate by Raw and Calcined Phosphogypsum: D-Optimal and Taguchi Designs (pages 850–855)

      Başak Mesci, Nurdan Gamze Turan and Okan Ozgonenel

      Article first published online: 3 JUL 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100686

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      The removal of Cu(II) was evaluated by raw and calcined phosphogypsum (PG) as an industrial product. Taguchi design was found as a reliable solution with less number of experiments for adsorption studies with the optimized values. The removal efficiency was calculated as 78.34%.

    8. Oreganum Stalks as a New Biosorbent to Remove Textile Dyes from Aqueous Solutions (pages 856–863)

      Ebru Mavioglu Ayan, Pelin Secim, Serhat Karakaya and Jale Yanik

      Article first published online: 25 JUN 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100153

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      Oreganum stalk (OS) could be potentially used as a low cost adsorbent for basic dyes and also acidic dyes. It could be concluded that the most effective factors in the adsorption of basic dye were surface charge and acidic groups on biosorbents, while non-electrostatic forces as well as electrostatic forces were effective in the adsorption of acidic dye.

    9. Bioremediation of Chlorinated Pesticides in Field-Contaminated Soils and Suitability of Tenax Solid-Phase Extraction as a Predictor of Its Effectiveness (pages 864–869)

      Tomasz P. Baczynski, Daniel Pleissner and Malgorzata Krylow

      Article first published online: 16 JUL 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100024

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      The ability of methanogenic granular sludge to remove γ-HCH, DDT and methoxychlor from field-contaminated soil was confirmed over a range of concentrations from 10−1 to 101 mg kg−1 at 30°C. The compounds removal effectiveness was correlated with their desorbability, however, the amounts removed were usually much larger than the rapidly desorbing fractions.

    10. Immobilization of Mycoplana sp. MVMB2 Isolated from Petroleum Contaminated Soil onto Papaya Stem (Carica papaya L.) and Its Application on Degradation of Phenanthrene (pages 870–877)

      Mahalingam Brinda Lakshmi, Karuppan Muthukumar and Manickam Velan

      Article first published online: 4 JUL 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100639

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      Papaya stem can be used as an effective immobilization matrix for the sorption of bacterial cells to produce the bacterial cell immobilized papaya stem. High removal capacity, ease of handling, and low cost availability of the immobilization matrix are the important features, which lend this system for the industrial scale removal of aromatic compounds.

    11. Mineralization of Catechol by Fenton and Photo-Fenton Processes (pages 878–885)

      Asma M'hemdi, Bechir Dbira, Ridha Abdelhedi, Enric Brillas and Salah Ammar

      Article first published online: 19 JUL 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100376

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      The large efficiency of the degradation of catechol solutions suggests the destruction of organics by OH formed from Fenton reaction and other oxidizing species such as HOmath image and O2. Overall mineralization under such optimized conditions was only achieved by using the photo-Fenton process.

  4. BiotecVisions

    1. Top of page
    2. Research Articles
    3. Review
    4. Research Articles
    5. BiotecVisions
    1. BiotecVisions 2012, August (pages A1-A8)

      Article first published online: 14 AUG 2012 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201290008

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