CLEAN – Soil, Air, Water

Cover image for Vol. 42 Issue 1

January 2014

Volume 42, Issue 1

Pages 5–103

  1. Cover Picture

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Masthead
    4. Contents
    5. Research Articles
    1. You have free access to this content
      Cover Picture: Clean Soil Air Water. 1/2014

      Version of Record online: 20 JAN 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201470001

  2. Masthead

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Masthead
    4. Contents
    5. Research Articles
    1. Masthead: Clean Soil Air Water. 1/2014

      Version of Record online: 20 JAN 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201470002

  3. Contents

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Masthead
    4. Contents
    5. Research Articles
    1. You have free access to this content
      Contents: Clean Soil Air Water. 1/2014

      Version of Record online: 20 JAN 2014 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201470003

  4. Research Articles

    1. Top of page
    2. Cover Picture
    3. Masthead
    4. Contents
    5. Research Articles
    1. Use of Mosses as Biomonitors of Major, Minor and Trace Element Deposition Around the Largest Thermal Power Plant in Serbia (pages 5–11)

      Mirjana Ćujić, Snežana Dragović, Marko Sabovljević, Latinka Slavković-Beškoski, Milan Kilibarda, Jelena Savović and Antonije Onjia

      Version of Record online: 3 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100656

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      Mosses were used as bioindicators of atmospheric deposition around the largest thermal power plant in Serbia. Concentrations of 22 elements were determined and elevated concentrations of As, Cd, Co, Hg, Ni and V were detected. This is the first application of cluster analysis to determination of the elements origin in mosses from the studied area.

    2. Effect of Gaseous Chlorine Dioxide on Student Cafeteria Bioaerosols (pages 12–19)

      Ching-Shan Hsu, Ming-Chun Lu and Da-Ji Huang

      Version of Record online: 2 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201100293

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      Application of ClO2 results in a moderate reduction in average for bacteria and fungus levels in examined student cafeterias in Taiwan. In addition, it could be shown that the bioaerosol levels are significantly affected by factors as, e.g., cafeteria ventilation system, the periodically cleaning, etc. However, the treatment process ensured that the air quality satisfied the Taiwan EPA guidelines.

    3. Spatial Pattern of Benthic Diatoms and Water Quality Assessment Using Diatom Indices in a Subtropical River, China (pages 20–28)

      Xiang Tan, Peiming Ma, Xiaoling Xia and Quanfa Zhang

      Version of Record online: 3 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201200152

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      DOC, pH, major ions, and flow velocity were identified as primary determinants for spatial patterns of diatom assemblages. Both diatom indices and indicator revealed the same results, which implies the capacity of diatom indices and indicator analysis in monitoring water quality status.

    4. The Effects of Tricyclazole Treatment on Aquatic Invertebrates in a Rice Paddy Field (pages 29–35)

      Bruno Rossaro, Laura Marziali and Paolo Cortesi

      Version of Record online: 1 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201200215

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      The effect of tricyclazole, applied with a different time schedule and concentration, on the community composition composed of benthic macro-invertebrates in a rice paddy field was discovered here. The results indicate that tricyclazole has no negative observable effect on benthic macro-invertebrate.

    5. Gas/Substrate Fluxes and Microbial Community in Phenol Biodegradation Using an O2-Based Membrane Biofilm Reactor (pages 36–42)

      Özge Hanay, Ergin Taşkan, Burçin Yıldız, Halil Hasar and Eoin Casey

      Version of Record online: 8 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201200414

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      Phenol can be fully oxidized when oxygen is an electron acceptor; MBfR enables a complete utilization of gas substrate by means of bubbleless membrane. Phenol loading and gas pressure in the MBfR influenced phenol oxidation capacity. Bacterial population in phenol treating MBfR was found to be of low biodiversity. The obtained fluxes of glucose, phenol, and oxygen will be crucial for designing the MBfR.

    6. The Effect and Mechanism of UV Disinfection on the Inactivation of a Planktonic Freshwater Copepods (Limnoithona sinensis) (pages 43–50)

      Tao Lin, Jian Zhang, Wei Chen and Ying Sun

      Version of Record online: 1 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201200367

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      Copepods exhibit great vitality and transfer potential, and can easily penetrate the BAC fi lter in some waterworks. Bench-scale experiments were conducted to evaluate the destruction of copepods by UV. Experimental evidence suggests that water depth was the most signifi cant factor in Copepods inactivation during UV irradiation. Phototaxis of Copepods was used to improve the negative effect of water depth on Copepods inactivation.

    7. A Facile Removal of Phenol in Wastewater Using Crosslinked β-Cyclodextrin Particles with Ultrasonic Treatment (pages 51–55)

      Haijun Wang, Youtao Wang, Yuqing Zhou, Pingfang Han and Xiaoping Lü

      Version of Record online: 1 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201200605

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      The newly synthesized crosslinked β-cyclodextrin polymer can be used as efficient material for industrial wastewater treatment. Improvement of the adsorption efficiency could be employed by using ultrasonic-assisted method with a decrease in adsorption time.

    8. Effect of Runoff Dynamic on Sediment and Nitrogen Losses in an Agricultural Watershed of the Southern Shaanxi Region, China (pages 56–63)

      Quan Liu, Zhanbin Li and Peng Li

      Version of Record online: 1 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201200259

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      The conclusion from this study is that most of the rainfall increased the soil water content, and the runoff dynamics could not meet the demand of more sediment yield at the SS. Consequently, the sediment yield delayed the peak rainfall intensity; both runoff and sediment yield increased and there was a significant power function correlation due to the persistent rainfall at the vigorous stage.

    9. Optimization of Removal of Phenol from Aqueous Solution by Ionic Liquid-Based Emulsion Liquid Membrane Using Response Surface Methodology (pages 64–70)

      Arulmozhiappan Balasubramanian and Sivaramu Venkatesan

      Version of Record online: 3 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201200168

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      Response surface methodology was employed to optimize the removal of phenol from aqueous solution by ionic liquid-based emulsion liquid membrane. A “minimum run resolution V” central composite design with six variables was applied to optimize the process. The results showed good fits with the proposed statistical model.

    10. Recycle of Ag+ and Zn2+ with Magnetic Adsorbent in Process of Its Purification from Wastewater (pages 71–80)

      Fan Wu, Ying Xue Zhang, Yong Le Chen and Hao Qian

      Version of Record online: 1 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201200274

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      Ag+ and Zn2+ were effectively removed from aqueous solution by magnetic micro-sized polymer beads via an adsorption process. The adsorption processes were determined to be endothermic and followed pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The maximum adsorption capacities for Ag+ and Zn2+ ions were 90.3 and 80.8 mg/g, respectively.

    11. Uptake of Heavy Metals by Native Herbaceous Plants in an Antimony Mine (Hunan, China) (pages 81–87)

      Liang Xue, Jianfeng Liu, Shengqing Shi, Yuan Wei, Ermei Chang, Ming Gao, Lanzhen Chen and Zeping Jiang

      Version of Record online: 9 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201200490

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      Of the ten native herbaceous plants investigated, Miscanthus sinensis and Imperata cylindrical had potential for phytoextraction of Hg and Cd, respectively. Phytolacca americana could be used for the phytostabilization of Cd and Pb. Boehmeria was the most suitable species for the accumulation of As and Sb in shoots, and Cynodon dactylon had a high potential for the stabilization of As and Sb.

    12. The Alleviative Effects of Salicylic Acid on the Activities of Catalase and Superoxide Dismutase in Malting Barley (Hordeum uhulgare L.) Seedling Leaves Stressed by Heavy Metals (pages 88–97)

      Wei-Yi Song, Hong-Chao Yang, Hong-Bo Shao, Ai-Zhen Zheng and Marian Brestic

      Version of Record online: 3 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201200310

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      The findings of this paper provide theoretical references for studies on physiological mechanism of cereal crops' resistance or tolerance to heavy metal stress as biomarkers.

    13. Effects of Time-Since-Fire on Vegetation Composition and Structures in Semi-Arid Perennial Grassland on the Loess Plateau, China (pages 98–103)

      Gao-Lin Wu, Ling-Ping Zhao, Dong Wang and Zhi-Hua Shi

      Version of Record online: 1 JUL 2013 | DOI: 10.1002/clen.201200678

      Thumbnail image of graphical abstract

      It could be shown that two years after a fire, total cover, species abundance, and diversity rapidly recovers. Furthermore, an increase in species richness compared to unburned grassland could be observed. Fire could be somehow included in effective vegetation management of grassland ecosystems.

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